Effect of ischemic preconditioning and a Kv7 channel blocker on cardiac ischemia-reperfusion injury in rats

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Recently, we found cardioprotective effects of ischemic preconditioning (IPC), and from a blocker of KCNQ voltage-gated K+ channels (KV7), XE991 (10,10-bis(4-pyridinylmethyl)-9(10H)-anthracenone), in isolated rat hearts. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the cardiovascular effects of IPC and XE991 and whether they are cardioprotective in intact rats. In conscious rats, we measured the effect of the KV7 channel blocker XE991 on heart rate and blood pressure by use of telemetry. In anaesthetized rats, cardiac ischemia was induced by occluding the left coronary artery, and the animals received IPC (2 × 5 min of occlusion), XE991, or a combination. After a 2 h reperfusion period, the hearts were excised, and the area at risk and infarct size were determined. In both anaesthetized and conscious rats, XE991 increased blood pressure, and the highest dose (7.5 mg/kg) of XE991 also increased heart rate, and 44% of conscious rats died. XE991 induced marked changes in the electrocardiogram (e.g., increased PR interval and prolonged QTC interval) without changing cardiac action potentials. The infarct size to area at risk ratio was reduced from 53 ± 2% (n = 8) in the vehicle compared to 36 ± 3% in the IPC group (P < 0.05, n = 9). XE991 (0.75 mg/kg) treatment alone or on top of IPC failed to reduce myocardial infarct size. Similar to the effect in isolated hearts, locally applied IPC was cardioprotective in intact animals exposed to ischemia-reperfusion. Systemic administration of XE991 failed to protect the heart against ischemia-reperfusion injury suggesting effects on the autonomic nervous system counteracting the cardioprotection in intact animals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172820
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume866
Number of pages10
ISSN0014-2999
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jan 2020

    Research areas

  • Acute myocardial infarction, Blood pressure, Cardioprotection, In vivo, Rat, XE991

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