Educating the Reflective Educator: Design Processes and Digital Fabrication for the Classroom

Mikkel Hjorth, Rachel Charlotte Smith, Ole Sejer Iversen, Daria Loi, Kasper Skov Christensen

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


Design thinking and digital technologies are increasingly
introduced in education to develop children’s design literacy. This
shift demands a change in teachers’ mindsets, capabilities and
approaches to design and technology as well as new teaching
practices. This paper reports on a research-based master's course
developed to address and study the challenges that educators
experience when teaching design in K-12 classes. We investigate
three aspects that we argue are crucial when developing teachers'
capability to teach design literacy to children: (1) ability to
navigate a complex design process, (2) managing digital and
analogue design materials and (3) balancing different modes of
teaching. This paper demonstrates how a combination of design
theory, in-school practice and peer-to-peer learning created a
framework towards educating design educators – a framework
that allowed us to investigate K-12 teachers' development of core
competencies for bringing design and digital fabrication to diverse
students. In addition, the study shows how the framework can
facilitate and support co-development of new teaching practices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of FabLearn 2016 : 6th Annual Conference on Creativity and Making in Education
Number of pages7
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication date16 Oct 2016
ISBN (Print)978-1-4503-4802-7
ISBN (Electronic)1595930361, 9781450348027
Publication statusPublished - 16 Oct 2016
EventFablearn Conference on Creativity and Fabrication in Education: 6th Annual Conference on Creativity and Making in Education - Stanford University, Palo Alto, United States
Duration: 14 Oct 201616 Oct 2016


ConferenceFablearn Conference on Creativity and Fabrication in Education
LocationStanford University
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityPalo Alto
Internet address


  • Design Thinking
  • Design education
  • Design literacy
  • Digital fabrication
  • Education
  • Expertise
  • K-12
  • Reflective educator

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