Earth Observation: Investigating Noncommunicable Diseases from Space

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

  • Peng Jia, Department of Earth Observation Science, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, 7514 AE Enschede, The Netherlands; email: jiapengff@hotmail.com.
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  • Alfred Stein, Department of Earth Observation Science, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC), University of Twente, 7514 AE Enschede, The Netherlands; email: jiapengff@hotmail.com.
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  • Peter James, Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, USA.
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  • Ross C Brownson, Prevention Research Center in St. Louis, Brown School; Department of Surgery and Alvin J. Siteman Cancer Center, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri 63130, USA.
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  • Tong Wu, School of Life Sciences, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-4701, USA.
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  • Qian Xiao, Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa 52242-1111, USA.
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  • Limin Wang, National Center for Chronic and Non-Communicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 102206, China.
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  • Clive E Sabel
  • Youfa Wang, Global Health Institute; and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University Health Science Center, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710049, China.

The United Nations has called on all nations to take immediate actions to fight noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), which have become an increasingly significant burden to public health systems around the world. NCDs tend to be more common in developed countries but are also becoming of growing concern in low- and middle-income countries. Earth observation (EO) technologies have been used in many infectious disease studies but have been less commonly employed in NCD studies. This review discusses the roles that EO data and technologies can play in NCD research, including ( a) integrating natural and built environment factors into NCD research, ( b) explaining individual-environment interactions, ( c) scaling up local studies and interventions, ( d) providing repeated measurements for longitudinal studies including cohorts, and ( e) advancing methodologies in NCD research. Such extensions hold great potential for overcoming the challenges of inaccurate and infrequent measurements of environmental exposure at the level of both the individual and the population, which is of great importance to NCD research, practice, and policy. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Public Health Volume 40 is April 1, 2019. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnual Review of Public Health
Volume40
Pages (from-to)85-104
Number of pages20
ISSN0163-7525
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

    Research areas

  • NCD, chronic disease, earth observation, noncommunicable disease, public health, remote sensing

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