Dynamic viscoelastic properties of porcine gastric tissue: Effects of loading frequency, region and direction

Sif Julie Friis, Torben Strøm Hansen, Mette Poulsen, Hans Gregersen, Jens Vinge Nygaard*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

The gastric biomechanics influences digestive function as well as a range of topics of medical and scientific interests such as interaction between the stomach and gastric devices. Hence, the mechanical properties are essential for understanding gastric tissue and function in health and disease, and for the development of diagnostic or therapeutic devices. A key characteristic to be characterized is the time dependent mechanical tissue properties. The aim of this study was to characterize viscoelastic properties of the stomach across a frequency range. Longitudinal and circumferential stomach samples from the porcine fundus, corpus and antrum were pre-stretched 10 % and sinusoidally loaded with 10 % dynamic strain. The viscoelastic properties were assessed from 0.01 − 15 Hz using dynamic mechanical analysis. The storage moduli, loss moduli and tan δ had a significant second-order polynomial trend with increasing frequency. For the loss moduli, significant differences were observed between 0.01 and 15 Hz and between 0.05 and 15 Hz (p = 0.023 to 0.041). Significant differences were not found for storage moduli. Tan δ was frequency-independent, indicating that the two moduli varied proportionally. Fundus had significantly smaller storage moduli for longitudinal samples compared to corpus (p = 0.034) and antrum (p = 0.014) but was not significantly different for circumferential samples. Analysis of direction-dependency showed significant differences between longitudinal and circumferential samples (p = 0.002 to 0.042). The presented work provides insight into tensile viscoelastic properties of gastric tissue, which is useful for developing biomaterials, devices and computational models for device development specification calibrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111302
JournalJournal of Biomechanics
Volume143
Number of pages10
ISSN0021-9290
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Dynamic mechanical analysis
  • Stomach biomechanics
  • Storage- and loss moduli
  • Tan δ
  • Viscoelasticity

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