Dual mechanism of TRKB activation by anandamide through CB1 and TRPV1 receptors

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DOI

  • Cassiano Diniz, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil., Brazil
  • Caroline Biojone, Helsinki University, Finland
  • Sâmia Joca
  • Tomi Rantamaki, Univ Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
  • Eero Castren, Univ Helsinki, University of Helsinki, Finland
  • Francisco Guimaraes, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, Brazil., Brazil
  • Plinio Casarotto, Helsinki University, Finland
Background
Administration of anandamide (AEA) or 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2AG) induces CB1 coupling and activation of TRKB receptors, regulating the neuronal migration and maturation in the developing cortex. However, at higher concentrations AEA also engages vanilloid receptor TRPV1, usually with opposed consequences on behavior.

Methods and Results
Using primary cell cultures from the cortex of rat embryos (E18) we determined the effects of AEA on phosphorylated TRKB (pTRK). We observed that AEA (at 100 and 200 nM) induced a significant increase in pTRK levels. Such effect of AEA at 100 nM was blocked by pretreatment with the CB1 antagonist AM251 (200 nM) and, at the higher concentration of 200 nM by the TRPV1 antagonist capsazepine (200 nM), but mildly attenuated by AM251. Interestingly, the effect of AEA or capsaicin (a TRPV1 agonist, also at 200 nM) on pTRK was blocked by TRKB.Fc (a soluble form of TRKB able to bind BDNF) or capsazepine, suggesting a mechanism dependent on BDNF release. Using the marble-burying test (MBT) in mice, we observed that the local administration of ACEA (a CB1 agonist) into the prelimbic region of prefrontal cortex (PL-PFC) was sufficient to reduce the burying behavior, while capsaicin or BDNF exerted the opposite effect, increasing the number of buried marbles. In addition, both ACEA and capsaicin effects were blocked by previous administration of k252a (an antagonist of TRK receptors) into PL-PFC. The effect of systemically injected CB1 agonist WIN55,212-2 was blocked by previous administration of k252a. We also observed a partial colocalization of CB1/TRPV1/TRKB in the PL-PFC, and the localization of TRPV1 in CaMK2+ cells.

Conclusion
Taken together, our data indicate that anandamide engages a coordinated activation of TRKB, via CB1 and TRPV1. Thus, acting upon CB1 and TRPV1, AEA could regulate the TRKB-dependent plasticity in both pre- and postsynaptic compartments.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere6493
JournalPeerJ
Volume7
Number of pages21
ISSN2167-8359
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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