Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences

Double bereavement, mental health consequences and support needs of children and young adults ‐ when a divorced parent dies

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

DOI

  • Jette Marcussen, Syddansk Universitet, University College Lillebælt, Denmark
  • Frode Thuen, Bergen University College, Norway
  • Maja OConnor
  • Rhonda L. Wilson, University of Newcastle, NSW, Massey University, Australia
  • Lise Hounsgaard, University of Southern Denmark, University of Greenland, Denmark
Aim and objectives
This study explores how children and young adults from divorced families experience double bereavement when they lose a divorced parent with cancer and how the double bereavement influences their mental health consequences and need of support.

Background
Children and young people who are confronted with the cancer and death of a parent is a highly stressful life event, which is associated with an increased risk of mental health problems, especially when children experience divorced parental cancer and death.

Design
Participant observations and interviews with a phenomenological‐hermeneutic approach and COREQ standards for reporting Qualitative research.

Methods
We conducted 340 hours of participant observations within nine different support groups totaling 27 children and young adults from divorced families and included 28 interviews with participants and relatives. Analyses are based on Ricoeurs theory of interpretation: Naïve reading, structural analysis, interpretation and discussion.

Results
The experiences with double bereavement were identified three main themes: 1. Navigating through multiple transitions and disruptions within two family worlds: 2. Consequences for mental health including stress overload and disruptions to well‐being; and: 3. Need for accessible support derived from close relationships and professionals within and in‐between family worlds.

Conclusion
Children and young adult´s double bereavement includes multiple transitions and disruptions often related to stress overload and mental health problems. Support from close relationships and professionals are experienced as helpful in the prevention and mitigation of mental health problems.

Relevance to clinical practice
There is a need for targeted accessible support availability to children, young adults and their families when a divorced parent is dying of cancer in clinical practice. Our findings suggest that specific health policies for health professionals should be developed to target improved support for these families.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Volume29
Issue7-8
Pages (from-to)1238-1253
Number of pages16
ISSN0962-1067
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Research areas

  • Parental divorce, and parental death, bereavement and grief, children, mental health, parental cancer, wellbeing, young adults

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