Does pain and hip function improve 2 years after reverse periacetabular osteotomy? A follow-up study of 74 patients

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Data on outcome in patients with acetabular retroversion (AR) treated with reverse periacetabular osteotomy (reverse PAO) are sparse. The aim of the study was to investigate changes in pain and hip function among patients with AR 2 years after reverse PAO and to examine whether changes in pain were associated with changes in hip function. In addition, to evaluate patient satisfaction and changes in quality of life (QoL). We present a prospective follow-up study with patient-reported outcome data from Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark. Pain at rest and during activity was measured with a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), hip function with the Hip disability and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS) and QoL with the Short-Form 36, pre-operatively and 2 years after reverse PAO in 74 patients. Changes were analysed using paired t-test and multiple linear regressions. Significant and clinically relevant mean improvements in pain and hip function were found. The numbers of responders achieving a minimal clinically important difference varied from 51 to 73%. Positive significant association between changes in pain and changes in hip function were found. Significant mean improvement in QoL was found. The study had a loss to follow-up of 23%. Two years after reverse PAO, patients diagnosed with AR showed significant and clinically relevant mean improvements in pain and hip function. Decreased pain was significantly associated with improved hip function. The majority of patients were satisfied with the result of surgery and QoL was similar to the Danish background population.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Hip Preservation Surgery
Pages (from-to)130-139
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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