Department of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences

Distinct environmental cues trigger spontaneous recall of past events in 3- and 4-year-old children even after long delays

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Distinct environmental cues trigger spontaneous recall of past events in 3- and 4-year-old children even after long delays. / Jensen, Toril; Berntsen, Dorthe; Kingo, Osman Skjold et al.

In: Child Development, Vol. 93, No. 4, 07.2022, p. 941-955.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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@article{6cf099e0219a4395ac4191d687116e1e,
title = "Distinct environmental cues trigger spontaneous recall of past events in 3- and 4-year-old children even after long delays",
abstract = "Verbally reported long-term memory for past events typically improves with age. However, such findings are based exclusively on studies, where children are directly asked to recall. The present study showed that when 3- (n = 113, 59 girls) and 4-year-olds (n = 113, 62 girls), predominantly White, were brought back to a distinct laboratory-setting after either 1-, 4.5-, or 13-weeks, children—regardless of age and delay—spontaneously recalled the distinct event experienced at their first visit (all Cohen's ds > 1.00). Meanwhile, the oldest children outperformed the youngest when being asked directly to retrieve the event (η2p>.088). These findings suggest that spontaneous retrieval facilitated by distinct environmental cues provides a short-cut to young children's event memories.",
keywords = "ACCOUNT, CHILDHOOD, EPISODIC MEMORY, INVOLUNTARY AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES, PROPS, REMEMBER, TALK, VERBAL ACCESSIBILITY, VOLUNTARY, Cues, Mental Recall, Humans, Child, Preschool, Female",
author = "Toril Jensen and Dorthe Berntsen and Kingo, {Osman Skjold} and Peter Kr{\o}jgaard",
year = "2022",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1111/cdev.13735",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "941--955",
journal = "Child Development",
issn = "0009-3920",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distinct environmental cues trigger spontaneous recall of past events in 3- and 4-year-old children even after long delays

AU - Jensen, Toril

AU - Berntsen, Dorthe

AU - Kingo, Osman Skjold

AU - Krøjgaard, Peter

PY - 2022/7

Y1 - 2022/7

N2 - Verbally reported long-term memory for past events typically improves with age. However, such findings are based exclusively on studies, where children are directly asked to recall. The present study showed that when 3- (n = 113, 59 girls) and 4-year-olds (n = 113, 62 girls), predominantly White, were brought back to a distinct laboratory-setting after either 1-, 4.5-, or 13-weeks, children—regardless of age and delay—spontaneously recalled the distinct event experienced at their first visit (all Cohen's ds > 1.00). Meanwhile, the oldest children outperformed the youngest when being asked directly to retrieve the event (η2p>.088). These findings suggest that spontaneous retrieval facilitated by distinct environmental cues provides a short-cut to young children's event memories.

AB - Verbally reported long-term memory for past events typically improves with age. However, such findings are based exclusively on studies, where children are directly asked to recall. The present study showed that when 3- (n = 113, 59 girls) and 4-year-olds (n = 113, 62 girls), predominantly White, were brought back to a distinct laboratory-setting after either 1-, 4.5-, or 13-weeks, children—regardless of age and delay—spontaneously recalled the distinct event experienced at their first visit (all Cohen's ds > 1.00). Meanwhile, the oldest children outperformed the youngest when being asked directly to retrieve the event (η2p>.088). These findings suggest that spontaneous retrieval facilitated by distinct environmental cues provides a short-cut to young children's event memories.

KW - ACCOUNT

KW - CHILDHOOD

KW - EPISODIC MEMORY

KW - INVOLUNTARY AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORIES

KW - PROPS

KW - REMEMBER

KW - TALK

KW - VERBAL ACCESSIBILITY

KW - VOLUNTARY

KW - Cues

KW - Mental Recall

KW - Humans

KW - Child, Preschool

KW - Female

U2 - 10.1111/cdev.13735

DO - 10.1111/cdev.13735

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35098530

VL - 93

SP - 941

EP - 955

JO - Child Development

JF - Child Development

SN - 0009-3920

IS - 4

ER -