Direct measurements of electroviscous phenomena in nafion membranes

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Investigation of electroviscous effects is of interest to technologies that exploit transport of ions through ion exchange membranes, charged capillaries, and porous media. When ions move through such media due to a hydrostatic pressure difference, they interact with the fixed charges, leading to an increased hydraulic resistance. Experimentally this is observed as an apparent increase in the viscosity of the solution. Electroviscous effects are present in all electrochemical membrane-based processes ranging from nanofiltration to fuel-cells and redox flow batteries. Direct measurements of electroviscous effects varying the applied ionic current through Nafion membranes have, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, not yet been reported in literature. In the current study, electroviscous phenomena in different Nafion ion exchange membranes are measured directly with a method where the volume permeation is measured under constant trans-membrane pressure difference while varying the ion current density in the membrane. The direct measurement of the electroviscous effect is compared to the one calculated from the phenomenological transport equations and measured transport coefficients. Within the experimental uncertainty, there is a good agreement between the two values for all membranes tested. We report here an electroviscous effect for all Nafion membranes tested to be κH⋆ κ−1H= 1.15+0.035−0.052..

Original languageEnglish
Article number304
JournalMembranes
Volume10
Issue11
Number of pages9
ISSN2077-0375
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2020

    Research areas

  • Apparent solution viscosity, Electrokinetic energy conversion, Electroviscous effect, Ion exchange membranes

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