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Differential Effects of Trait Empathy on Functional Network Centrality

Research output: Contribution to book/anthology/report/proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

  • Vishnu Moorthigari, International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad
  • ,
  • Emily Carlson, University of Jyväskylä
  • ,
  • Petri Toiviainen, University of Jyväskylä
  • ,
  • Elvira Brattico
  • Vinoo Alluri, International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad

Previous research has shown that empathy, a fundamental component of human social functioning, is engaged when listening to music. Neuroimaging studies of empathy processing in music have, however, been limited. fMRI analysis methods based on graph theory have recently gained popularity as they are capable of illustrating global patterns of functional connectivity, which could be very useful in studying complex traits such as empathy. The current study examines the role of trait empathy, including cognitive and affective facets, on whole-brain functional network centrality in 36 participants listening to music in a naturalistic setting. Voxel-wise eigenvector centrality mapping was calculated as it provides us with an understanding of globally distributed centres of coordination associated with the processing of empathy. Partial correlation between Eigenvector centrality and measures of empathy showed that cognitive empathy is associated with higher centrality in the sensorimotor regions responsible for motor mimicry while affective empathy showed higher centrality in regions related to auditory affect processing. Results are discussed in relation to various theoretical models of empathy and music cognition.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBrain informatics
EditorsMufti Mahmud, Stefano Vassanelli, M. Shamim Kaiser, Ning Zhong
Number of pages11
Place of publicationCham
PublisherSpringer
Publication year2020
Pages107-117
ISBN (print)978-3-030-59276-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-59277-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020
Event13th International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2020 - Padua, Italy
Duration: 19 Sep 202019 Sep 2020

Conference

Conference13th International Conference on Brain Informatics, BI 2020
LandItaly
ByPadua
Periode19/09/202019/09/2020
SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume12241
ISSN0302-9743

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Copyright:
Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Affective empathy, Cognitive empathy, Eigenvector centrality, Music listening, Naturalistic paradigm

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