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Diagnostic yield of five minutes compared to three minutes hyperventilation during electroencephalography

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  • Laura Craciun
  • ,
  • Edina Timea Varga, Denmark
  • Ioana Mindruta, Denmark
  • Pirgit Meritam, Denmark
  • Zoltán Horváth, Denmark
  • Daniella Terney
  • ,
  • Elena Gardella, Denmark
  • Jørgen Alving
  • ,
  • László Vécsei
  • ,
  • Sándor Beniczky

PURPOSE: To investigate whether hyperventilation (HV) for 5min increases the diagnostic yield of electroencephalography (EEG) compared to 3min HV.

METHODS: data were evaluated from 1084 consecutive patients, from three European centres, referred to EEG on suspicion of epilepsy. Seizures and interictal EEG abnormalities precipitated during the first 3min and during the last 2min of the HV period (totally 5min) were determined.

RESULTS: Eight hundred seventy-seven patients (81%) completed 5min HV. Seizures were precipitated during the first 3min of HV in 21 patients, and during the last 2min in four more patients. Interictal EEG abnormalities were precipitated in the first 3min of HV in 16 patients, and during the last 2min in 7 more patients. Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures occurred in eight patients during the first 3min of HV and in two more patients during the last 2min. No adverse events occurred during the last 2min of HV, but eight patients (1%) stopped HV during the last 2min because they were not able to hyperventilate further.

CONCLUSION: 16% of seizures and 30% of interictal EEG abnormalities triggered by HV occurred during the last 2min of HV, suggesting the clinical usefulness of prolonged hyperventilation for 5min. The vast majority of patients (99%) who are able to hyperventilate for 3min can complete 5min HV, without additional adverse events.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSeizure - European Journal of Epilepsy
Volume30
Pages (from-to)90-2
Number of pages3
ISSN1059-1311
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015

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