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Diabetic microvascular complications are associated with reduced global longitudinal strain independent of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease in asymptomatic patients with diabetes mellitus: a cross-sectional study

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  • Gokulan Pararajasingam, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Laurits Juhl Heinsen, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Johanna Larsson, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Thomas Rueskov Andersen
  • Brian Bridal Løgstrup
  • Søren Auscher, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Jørgen Hangaard, University of Southern Denmark
  • ,
  • Rasmus Møgelvang, University of Southern Denmark, University of Copenhagen
  • ,
  • Kenneth Egstrup, University of Southern Denmark

Background: Reduced left ventricular function, assessed by global longitudinal strain (GLS), is sometimes observed in asymptomatic patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) and is often present in patients with diabetes-related microvascular complications. Our aim was to assess the association between microvascular complications, coronary artery plaque burden (PB) and GLS in asymptomatic patients with DM and non-obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: This cross-sectional study included patients with DM without any history, symptoms or objective evidence of obstructive CAD. All patients were identified in the outpatient Clinic of Endocrinology at Odense University Hospital Svendborg. An echocardiography and a coronary computed tomography angiography were performed to assess GLS and the degree of CAD, respectively. A coronary artery stenosis < 50% was considered non-obstructive. A linear regression model was used to evaluate the impact of potential confounders on GLS with adjustment of body mass index (BMI), mean arterial pressure (MAP), microvascular complications, type of diabetes, tissue Doppler average early diastolic mitral annulus velocity (e’) and PB. Results: Two hundred and twenty-two patients were included, of whom 172 (77%) had type 2 DM and 50 (23%) had type 1 diabetes. One hundred and eleven (50%) patients had microvascular complications. GLS decreased as the burden of microvascular complications increased (P-trend = 0.01): no microvascular complications, GLS (− 16.4 ± 2.5%), 1 microvascular complication (− 16.0 ± 2.5%) and 2–3 microvascular complications (− 14.9 ± 2.8%). The reduction in GLS remained significant after multivariable adjustment (β 0.50 [95% CI 0.11–0.88], p = 0.01). BMI (β 0.12 [95% CI 0.05–0.19]) and MAP (β 0.05 [95% CI 0.01–0.08]) were associated with reduced GLS. In addition, an increased number of microvascular complications was associated with increased PB (β 2.97 [95% CI 0.42–5.51], p = 0.02) in a univariable linear regression model, whereas there was no significant association between PB and GLS. Conclusions: The burden of microvascular complications was associated with reduced GLS independent of other cardiovascular risk factors in asymptomatic patients with DM and non-obstructive CAD. In addition, the burden of microvascular complications was associated with increasing PB, whereas PB was not associated with GLS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number269
JournalBMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Volume21
ISSN1471-2261
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Copyright:
Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Asymptomatic, Diabetes mellitus, Echocardiography, Global longitudinal strain, Microvascular complications, Plaque burden

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