Detrital mode and whole-rock geochemistry of the fluvial succession, Pishin Belt, Pakistan: Implications on provenance and source area weathering in periferal foreland basins

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  • Aimal Khan Kasi, Centre of Excellence in Mineralogy, University of Balochistan, Science Block, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Akhtar Muhammad Kassi, Department of Geology, University of Balochistan, Quetta, Pakistan
  • Henrik Friis
  • Muhammad Umar, Department of Earth Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Pakistan
  • Mohibulla Mohibulla, Department of Geology, University of Balochistan, Quetta
  • ,
  • Muhammad Ishaq Kakar, Centre of Excellence in Mineralogy, University of Balochistan, Quetta
Detrital mode and geochemical composition of sandstones and mudstones of the Miocene Dasht Murgha Group (DMG) and Pliocene Malthanai Formation (MF) of the Pishin Belt, north-western Pakistan have been examined to identify their provenance and source area weathering. Sandstones of the Dasht Murgha Group and Malthanai Formation are lithic to sublith- arenites, rich in quartz, and metamorphic and sedimentary lithic fragments, indicating a recycled orogenic source. LmLvLs plots show that the Dasht Murgha Group is rich in sedimentary and metamorphic lithic fragments (Lm35Lv18Ls47), while samples of the Malthanai Formation are overwhelmingly rich in sedimentary fragments (Lm14Lv10Ls76). Eocene Nisai Formation and Oligocene Khojak Formation within the Pishin Belt were mainly providing the sedimentary/metasedimentary detritus. High content of monocrystalline quartz (DMG: 28.21%; MF: 30.7), and higher SiO2/Al2O3 ratios in sandstones (DMG: 9.86; MF: 11.98) also indicate high maturity of sandstones due to recycling of source terrain in collision orogens. High Cr/Ni (DMG: 5.23; MF: 6.17) and moderate Cr/V (DMG: 3.96; MF: 3.88) ratios suggest significant contributions from mafic and ultramafic detritus derived from Muslim Bagh-Zhob Ophiolite. Malthanai Formation has higher CIA and CIW values (68.96 and 77.53) than Dasht Murgha Group (63.87 & 70.93); however, they both indicate low to moderate weathering intensities. Dasht Murgha group and Malthanai Formation have higher weathering of the source area. In A-CN-K diagrams the samples make linear trend towards illite which suggests that the sediments were derived from a tectonically active source going through non-steady-state weathering, where the detritus has been derived from different zones of weathering profiles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalArabian Journal of Geosciences
Pages (from-to)1-21
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2016

    Research areas

  • Detrital modes . Geochemistry . Provenance . Neogene succession . Pishin Belt . Western Pakistan

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