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Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile

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Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile. / Aminzadeh, Aria; Tiwari, Manish Kumar; Mamah Mustapha, Srwa Satar et al.

In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Vol. 160, 11.2020, p. 433-446.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Aminzadeh, A, Tiwari, MK, Mamah Mustapha, SS, Navarrete, SJ, Henriksen, AB, Møller, IM, Krogfelt, KA, Bjerrum, MJ & Jørgensen, R 2020, 'Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile', Free Radical Biology and Medicine, vol. 160, pp. 433-446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021

APA

Aminzadeh, A., Tiwari, M. K., Mamah Mustapha, S. S., Navarrete, S. J., Henriksen, A. B., Møller, I. M., Krogfelt, K. A., Bjerrum, M. J., & Jørgensen, R. (2020). Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile. Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 160, 433-446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021

CBE

Aminzadeh A, Tiwari MK, Mamah Mustapha SS, Navarrete SJ, Henriksen AB, Møller IM, Krogfelt KA, Bjerrum MJ, Jørgensen R. 2020. Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile. Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 160:433-446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Aminzadeh, Aria ; Tiwari, Manish Kumar ; Mamah Mustapha, Srwa Satar et al. / Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile. In: Free Radical Biology and Medicine. 2020 ; Vol. 160. pp. 433-446.

Bibtex

@article{cd2665e398d04cbfbfc9ced9a1c98623,
title = "Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile",
abstract = "Clostridioides difficile infections (CDI) has emerged worldwide as a serious antimicrobial-resistant healthcare-associated disease resulting in diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. The two cytotoxic proteins, toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factor responsible for the disease symptoms. We examined time-dependent oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB using different molar ratios of protein:Cu2+:H2O2. The metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) reaction in molar ratios of 1:60:1000 for protein:Cu2+:H2O2 at pH 4.5 resulted in a significant 6 log10 fold reduction in cytotoxicity after 120-min incubation at 37 °C. Circular dichroism revealed that MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB had secondary and tertiary structural folds similar to the native proteins. The conservation of immunogenic epitopes of both proteins was tested using monoclonal antibodies in an ELISA, comparing our MCO-detoxification approach to a conventional formaldehyde-detoxification method. The oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB led to an average 2-fold reduction in antibody binding relative to native proteins, whereas formaldehyde cross-linking resulted in 3-fold and 5-fold reductions, respectively. Finally, we show that mice immunized with a vaccine consisting of MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB were fully protected against disease symptoms and death following a C. difficile infection and elicited substantial serum IgG responses against both TcdA and TcdB. The results of this study present copper ion-catalyzed oxidative detoxification of toxic proteins as a method highly suitable for the rapid production of safe, immunogenic and irreversible toxoid antigens for future vaccine development and may have the potential for replacing cross-linking reagents like formaldehyde.",
keywords = "CDI vaccine, Clostridioides difficile, Metal-catalyzed oxidation, Reactive oxygen species, Toxoid",
author = "Aria Aminzadeh and Tiwari, {Manish Kumar} and {Mamah Mustapha}, {Srwa Satar} and Navarrete, {Sandra Junquera} and Henriksen, {Anna Bielecka} and M{\o}ller, {Ian Max} and Krogfelt, {Karen Angeliki} and Bjerrum, {Morten Jannik} and Ren{\'e} J{\o}rgensen",
year = "2020",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021",
language = "English",
volume = "160",
pages = "433--446",
journal = "Free Radical Biology & Medicine",
issn = "0891-5849",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detoxification of toxin A and toxin B by copper ion-catalyzed oxidation in production of a toxoid-based vaccine against Clostridioides difficile

AU - Aminzadeh, Aria

AU - Tiwari, Manish Kumar

AU - Mamah Mustapha, Srwa Satar

AU - Navarrete, Sandra Junquera

AU - Henriksen, Anna Bielecka

AU - Møller, Ian Max

AU - Krogfelt, Karen Angeliki

AU - Bjerrum, Morten Jannik

AU - Jørgensen, René

PY - 2020/11

Y1 - 2020/11

N2 - Clostridioides difficile infections (CDI) has emerged worldwide as a serious antimicrobial-resistant healthcare-associated disease resulting in diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. The two cytotoxic proteins, toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factor responsible for the disease symptoms. We examined time-dependent oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB using different molar ratios of protein:Cu2+:H2O2. The metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) reaction in molar ratios of 1:60:1000 for protein:Cu2+:H2O2 at pH 4.5 resulted in a significant 6 log10 fold reduction in cytotoxicity after 120-min incubation at 37 °C. Circular dichroism revealed that MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB had secondary and tertiary structural folds similar to the native proteins. The conservation of immunogenic epitopes of both proteins was tested using monoclonal antibodies in an ELISA, comparing our MCO-detoxification approach to a conventional formaldehyde-detoxification method. The oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB led to an average 2-fold reduction in antibody binding relative to native proteins, whereas formaldehyde cross-linking resulted in 3-fold and 5-fold reductions, respectively. Finally, we show that mice immunized with a vaccine consisting of MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB were fully protected against disease symptoms and death following a C. difficile infection and elicited substantial serum IgG responses against both TcdA and TcdB. The results of this study present copper ion-catalyzed oxidative detoxification of toxic proteins as a method highly suitable for the rapid production of safe, immunogenic and irreversible toxoid antigens for future vaccine development and may have the potential for replacing cross-linking reagents like formaldehyde.

AB - Clostridioides difficile infections (CDI) has emerged worldwide as a serious antimicrobial-resistant healthcare-associated disease resulting in diarrhea and pseudomembranous colitis. The two cytotoxic proteins, toxin A (TcdA) and toxin B (TcdB) are the major virulence factor responsible for the disease symptoms. We examined time-dependent oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB using different molar ratios of protein:Cu2+:H2O2. The metal-catalyzed oxidation (MCO) reaction in molar ratios of 1:60:1000 for protein:Cu2+:H2O2 at pH 4.5 resulted in a significant 6 log10 fold reduction in cytotoxicity after 120-min incubation at 37 °C. Circular dichroism revealed that MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB had secondary and tertiary structural folds similar to the native proteins. The conservation of immunogenic epitopes of both proteins was tested using monoclonal antibodies in an ELISA, comparing our MCO-detoxification approach to a conventional formaldehyde-detoxification method. The oxidative detoxification of TcdA and TcdB led to an average 2-fold reduction in antibody binding relative to native proteins, whereas formaldehyde cross-linking resulted in 3-fold and 5-fold reductions, respectively. Finally, we show that mice immunized with a vaccine consisting of MCO-detoxified TcdA and TcdB were fully protected against disease symptoms and death following a C. difficile infection and elicited substantial serum IgG responses against both TcdA and TcdB. The results of this study present copper ion-catalyzed oxidative detoxification of toxic proteins as a method highly suitable for the rapid production of safe, immunogenic and irreversible toxoid antigens for future vaccine development and may have the potential for replacing cross-linking reagents like formaldehyde.

KW - CDI vaccine

KW - Clostridioides difficile

KW - Metal-catalyzed oxidation

KW - Reactive oxygen species

KW - Toxoid

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85090206289&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021

DO - 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.08.021

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32860983

AN - SCOPUS:85090206289

VL - 160

SP - 433

EP - 446

JO - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

JF - Free Radical Biology & Medicine

SN - 0891-5849

ER -