Determining the Relationship between Direct Work and Construction Labor Productivity in North America: Four Decades of Insights

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Determining the Relationship between Direct Work and Construction Labor Productivity in North America : Four Decades of Insights. / Neve, Hasse H.; Wandahl, Søren; Lindhard, Søren; Teizer, Jochen; Lerche, Jon.

In: Journal of Construction Engineering and Management, Vol. 146, No. 9, 04020110, 09.2020.

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@article{38f9fea1434948f2be25484f8335bd6f,
title = "Determining the Relationship between Direct Work and Construction Labor Productivity in North America: Four Decades of Insights",
abstract = "Labor productivity in construction has fallen behind other industries in most of the world and has declined continuously for decades in the United States. To change this, the construction industry needs to know where to focus. This research aims to show how important craftsmen efficiency is for national construction labor productivity (CLP) development. Statistical analysis was used to compare craftsmen efficiency and CLP data from North America (NA) in the period 1972-2010. Craftsmen efficiency data were extracted from published work that measured direct work (DW) through work sampling, and CLP data were extracted from national databases. A statistically significant relationship between DW and CLP was established. This revealed that adding 36 s of DW to every work hour could yield a yearly return of 5.4 billion USD to the NA gross domestic product (GDP). Results show that more focus on activity and project level efficiency is crucial for changing the trends of national CLP. Industry leaders and policy makers now have a solid foundation for taking corrective actions for an industry plagued by low productivity.",
keywords = "Construction labor productivity, Direct work, Effectiveness, Efficiency, Work sampling",
author = "Neve, {Hasse H.} and S{\o}ren Wandahl and S{\o}ren Lindhard and Jochen Teizer and Jon Lerche",
year = "2020",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001887",
language = "English",
volume = "146",
journal = "Journal of Construction Engineering and Management",
issn = "0733-9364",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determining the Relationship between Direct Work and Construction Labor Productivity in North America

T2 - Four Decades of Insights

AU - Neve, Hasse H.

AU - Wandahl, Søren

AU - Lindhard, Søren

AU - Teizer, Jochen

AU - Lerche, Jon

PY - 2020/9

Y1 - 2020/9

N2 - Labor productivity in construction has fallen behind other industries in most of the world and has declined continuously for decades in the United States. To change this, the construction industry needs to know where to focus. This research aims to show how important craftsmen efficiency is for national construction labor productivity (CLP) development. Statistical analysis was used to compare craftsmen efficiency and CLP data from North America (NA) in the period 1972-2010. Craftsmen efficiency data were extracted from published work that measured direct work (DW) through work sampling, and CLP data were extracted from national databases. A statistically significant relationship between DW and CLP was established. This revealed that adding 36 s of DW to every work hour could yield a yearly return of 5.4 billion USD to the NA gross domestic product (GDP). Results show that more focus on activity and project level efficiency is crucial for changing the trends of national CLP. Industry leaders and policy makers now have a solid foundation for taking corrective actions for an industry plagued by low productivity.

AB - Labor productivity in construction has fallen behind other industries in most of the world and has declined continuously for decades in the United States. To change this, the construction industry needs to know where to focus. This research aims to show how important craftsmen efficiency is for national construction labor productivity (CLP) development. Statistical analysis was used to compare craftsmen efficiency and CLP data from North America (NA) in the period 1972-2010. Craftsmen efficiency data were extracted from published work that measured direct work (DW) through work sampling, and CLP data were extracted from national databases. A statistically significant relationship between DW and CLP was established. This revealed that adding 36 s of DW to every work hour could yield a yearly return of 5.4 billion USD to the NA gross domestic product (GDP). Results show that more focus on activity and project level efficiency is crucial for changing the trends of national CLP. Industry leaders and policy makers now have a solid foundation for taking corrective actions for an industry plagued by low productivity.

KW - Construction labor productivity

KW - Direct work

KW - Effectiveness

KW - Efficiency

KW - Work sampling

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85087627312&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001887

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0001887

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85087627312

VL - 146

JO - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management

JF - Journal of Construction Engineering and Management

SN - 0733-9364

IS - 9

M1 - 04020110

ER -