Detecting errors that result in retractions

Line Edslev Andersen, K. Brad Wray

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


We present a taxonomy of errors in the scientific literature and an account of how the errors are distributed over the categories. We have developed the taxonomy by studying substantial errors in the scientific literature as described in retraction notices published in the journal Science over the past 35 years. We then examine how the sorts of errors that lead to retracted papers can be prevented and detected, considering the perspective of collaborating scientists, journal editors and referees, and readers of the published articles.
Original languageEnglish
JournalSocial Studies of Science
Pages (from-to)942-954
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2019


  • collaboration
  • errors in science
  • journal editors
  • misconduct
  • referees
  • retraction
  • scientific journals


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