Decreased GABA levels in the symptomatic hemisphere in patients with transient ischemic attack

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Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is an ischemic episode of neurologic dysfunction characterized by a spontaneous clinical resolution of symptoms within 24 hours. Mechanisms of this remarkable recovery are not yet well understood. In patients with permanent brain injury caused by a stroke cortical levels of γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) are decreased. In this study, we aimed to investigate, whether similar alterations of cortical GABA are also present in patients with TIA. Ten first-time TIA patients with temporary unilateral motor symptoms from upper limb and 10 control subjects underwent Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) with SPECIAL technique. GABA:creatine (GABA:CR) ratios were measured in the hand area of the primary motor cortex in both hemispheres. GABA:CR ratios were significantly lower in the symptomatic hemisphere of TIA patients when compared with healthy subjects. Whether reduced GABA is induced directly by transient ischemia or is a secondary compensatory mechanism, which facilitate re-establishment of normal function remains to be elucidated. Further research investigating our findings in larger samples will aid in understanding of the clinical significance of GABA alterations in TIA patients. GABA MRS may provide vital information about mechanisms involved in recovery after transient ischemia, which may have crucial importance for development of new neuroprotective strategies in stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere00790
JournalHeliyon
Volume4
Issue9
Number of pages9
ISSN2405-8440
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2018

    Research areas

  • Medical imaging, Neurology, Neuroscience, STROKE, FUNCTIONAL RECOVERY, INHIBITION, RESONANCE-SPECTROSCOPY, MOTOR CORTEX DISINHIBITION

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