Department of Economics and Business Economics

Cumulative incidence and relative risk of sleep problems among children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders: A nationwide register-based study

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Cumulative incidence and relative risk of sleep problems among children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders : A nationwide register-based study. / Hvolby, Allan; Christensen, Jakob; Gasse, Christiane et al.

In: Journal of Sleep Research, Vol. 30, No. 3, e13122, 06.2021.

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@article{3a206e055e1b495e816af69298b3e5b3,
title = "Cumulative incidence and relative risk of sleep problems among children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders: A nationwide register-based study",
abstract = "We estimated the absolute and relative risk of sleep problems in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders. This was a population-based cohort study of individuals born in Denmark in 1993-2014 and followed in nationwide registers in 2011-2016. We estimated the 5-year cumulative incidence of sleep problems in incident cases of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 12,844), autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 8,073), oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD; n = 2,234) and epilepsy (n = 3,709). Hazard ratios (HRs) for sleep problems were estimated by Cox regression. The 5-year risk of sleep problems was highest in ADHD (29.2%; 95% CI, 28.4-30.1), ASD (24.2%; 95% CI, 23.1-25.3) and ODD/CD (27.1% 95% CI, 25.0%-29.2%) and lowest in epilepsy (11.3%; 95% CI, 10.2%-12.6%). For ADHD and ASD, sleep problems were more common in females than in males. Furthermore, sleep problems were predicted by high parental socioeconomic status and varied with the geographical region of residence, suggesting that different clinical practices exist across Denmark and that sleep problems may be more likely to go undetected in families of lower socioeconomic position. Compared with individuals without these disorders, the likelihood of sleep problems was increased in individuals with ADHD (HR, 33.81; 95% CI, 32.78-34.87), ASD (HR, 16.77; 95% CI, 16.15-17.41), ODD/CD (HR, 14.73; 95% CI, 13.88-15.64) and epilepsy (HR, 6.01; 95% CI, 5.67-6.37). After mutual adjustment for comorbidity, HRs were attenuated, especially in ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy when adjusted for ADHD, suggesting that the increased risk of sleep problems in individuals with ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy is driven largely by comorbid ADHD.",
author = "Allan Hvolby and Jakob Christensen and Christiane Gasse and S{\o}ren Dalsgaard and Dreier, {Julie Werenberg}",
note = "{\textcopyright} 2020 European Sleep Research Society.",
year = "2021",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1111/jsr.13122",
language = "English",
volume = "30",
journal = "Journal of Sleep Research",
issn = "1365-2869",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cumulative incidence and relative risk of sleep problems among children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders

T2 - A nationwide register-based study

AU - Hvolby, Allan

AU - Christensen, Jakob

AU - Gasse, Christiane

AU - Dalsgaard, Søren

AU - Dreier, Julie Werenberg

N1 - © 2020 European Sleep Research Society.

PY - 2021/6

Y1 - 2021/6

N2 - We estimated the absolute and relative risk of sleep problems in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders. This was a population-based cohort study of individuals born in Denmark in 1993-2014 and followed in nationwide registers in 2011-2016. We estimated the 5-year cumulative incidence of sleep problems in incident cases of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 12,844), autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 8,073), oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD; n = 2,234) and epilepsy (n = 3,709). Hazard ratios (HRs) for sleep problems were estimated by Cox regression. The 5-year risk of sleep problems was highest in ADHD (29.2%; 95% CI, 28.4-30.1), ASD (24.2%; 95% CI, 23.1-25.3) and ODD/CD (27.1% 95% CI, 25.0%-29.2%) and lowest in epilepsy (11.3%; 95% CI, 10.2%-12.6%). For ADHD and ASD, sleep problems were more common in females than in males. Furthermore, sleep problems were predicted by high parental socioeconomic status and varied with the geographical region of residence, suggesting that different clinical practices exist across Denmark and that sleep problems may be more likely to go undetected in families of lower socioeconomic position. Compared with individuals without these disorders, the likelihood of sleep problems was increased in individuals with ADHD (HR, 33.81; 95% CI, 32.78-34.87), ASD (HR, 16.77; 95% CI, 16.15-17.41), ODD/CD (HR, 14.73; 95% CI, 13.88-15.64) and epilepsy (HR, 6.01; 95% CI, 5.67-6.37). After mutual adjustment for comorbidity, HRs were attenuated, especially in ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy when adjusted for ADHD, suggesting that the increased risk of sleep problems in individuals with ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy is driven largely by comorbid ADHD.

AB - We estimated the absolute and relative risk of sleep problems in children and adolescents with newly diagnosed neurodevelopmental disorders. This was a population-based cohort study of individuals born in Denmark in 1993-2014 and followed in nationwide registers in 2011-2016. We estimated the 5-year cumulative incidence of sleep problems in incident cases of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; n = 12,844), autism spectrum disorder (ASD; n = 8,073), oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD; n = 2,234) and epilepsy (n = 3,709). Hazard ratios (HRs) for sleep problems were estimated by Cox regression. The 5-year risk of sleep problems was highest in ADHD (29.2%; 95% CI, 28.4-30.1), ASD (24.2%; 95% CI, 23.1-25.3) and ODD/CD (27.1% 95% CI, 25.0%-29.2%) and lowest in epilepsy (11.3%; 95% CI, 10.2%-12.6%). For ADHD and ASD, sleep problems were more common in females than in males. Furthermore, sleep problems were predicted by high parental socioeconomic status and varied with the geographical region of residence, suggesting that different clinical practices exist across Denmark and that sleep problems may be more likely to go undetected in families of lower socioeconomic position. Compared with individuals without these disorders, the likelihood of sleep problems was increased in individuals with ADHD (HR, 33.81; 95% CI, 32.78-34.87), ASD (HR, 16.77; 95% CI, 16.15-17.41), ODD/CD (HR, 14.73; 95% CI, 13.88-15.64) and epilepsy (HR, 6.01; 95% CI, 5.67-6.37). After mutual adjustment for comorbidity, HRs were attenuated, especially in ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy when adjusted for ADHD, suggesting that the increased risk of sleep problems in individuals with ASD, ODD/CD and epilepsy is driven largely by comorbid ADHD.

U2 - 10.1111/jsr.13122

DO - 10.1111/jsr.13122

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32564480

VL - 30

JO - Journal of Sleep Research

JF - Journal of Sleep Research

SN - 1365-2869

IS - 3

M1 - e13122

ER -