Cumulative Absolute Risk of Subsequent Colorectal Cancer After Abdominopelvic Radiotherapy Among Childhood Cancer Survivors: A PanCareSurFup Study

Emma J. Heymer, Katarzyna Jóźwiak, Leontien C. Kremer, David L. Winter, Florent de Vathaire, Ceren Sunguc, Elaine Sugden, Judith L. Kok, Helena J.H. van der Pal, Lars Hjorth, Zsuzsanna Jakab, Milena M. Maule, Riccardo Haupt, Francesca Bagnasco, Monica Terenziani, Ibrahima Diallo, Maria W. Gunnes, Grit Sommer, Lorna Zadravec Zaletel, Claudia E. KuehniJeanette F. Winther, Päivi M. Lähteenmäki, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Rodrigue S. Allodji, Roderick Skinner, Cécile M. Ronckers, Michael M. Hawkins, Raoul C. Reulen, Jop C. Teepen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE Childhood cancer survivors are at the risk of developing subsequent colorectal cancers (CRCs), but the absolute risks by treatment modality are uncertain. We quantified the absolute risks by radiotherapy treatment characteristics using clinically accessible data from a Pan-European wide case-control study nested within a large cohort of childhood cancer survivors: the PanCareSurFup Study. METHODS Odds ratios (ORs) from a case-control study comprising 143 CRC cases and 143 controls nested within a cohort of 69,460 survivors were calculated. These, together with standardized incidence ratios for CRC for this cohort and European general population CRC incidence rates and survivors' mortality rates, were used to estimate cumulative absolute risks (CARs) by attained age for different categories of radiation to the abdominopelvic area. RESULTS Overall, survivors treated with abdominopelvic radiotherapy treatment (ART) were three times more likely to develop a subsequent CRC than those who did not receive ART (OR, 3.1 [95% CI, 1.4 to 6.6]). For male survivors treated with ART, the CAR was 0.27% (95% CI, 0.17 to 0.59) by age 40 years, 1.08% (95% CI, 0.69 to 2.34) by age 50 years (0.27% expected in the general population), and 3.7% (95% CI, 2.36 to 7.80) by age 60 years (0.95% expected). For female survivors treated with ART, the CAR was 0.29% (95% CI, 0.18 to 0.62) by age 40 years, 1.03% (95% CI, 0.65 to 2.22) by age 50 years (0.27% expected), and 3.0% (95% CI, 1.91 to 6.37) by age 60 years (0.82% expected). CONCLUSION We demonstrated that by age 40 years survivors of childhood cancer treated with ART already have a similar risk of CRC as those age 50 years in the general population for whom population-based CRC screening begins in many countries. This information should be used in the development of survivorship guidelines for the risk stratification of survivors concerning CRC risk.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume42
Issue3
Pages (from-to)336-347
Number of pages12
ISSN0732-183X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2024

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