Cryogen-free dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization polarizer operating at 3.35 T, 6.70 T, and 10.1 T

Jan Henrik Ardenkjær-Larsen*, Sean Bowen, Jan Raagaard Petersen, Oleksandr Rybalko, Mads Sloth Vinding, Marcus Ullisch, Niels Chr Nielsen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Purpose: A novel dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization (dDNP) polarizer platform is presented. The polarizer meets a number of key requirements for in vitro, preclinical, and clinical applications. Method: It uses no liquid cryogens, operates in continuous mode, accommodates a wide range of sample sizes up to and including those required for human studies, and is fully automated. Results: It offers a wide operational window both in terms of magnetic field, up to 10.1 T, and temperature, from room temperature down to 1.3 K. The polarizer delivers a 13C liquid state polarization for [1-13C]pyruvate of 70%. The build-up time constant in the solid state is approximately 1200 s (20 minutes), allowing a sample throughput of at least one sample per hour including sample loading and dissolution. Conclusion: We confirm the previously reported strong field dependence in the range 3.35 to 6.7 T, but see no further increase in polarization when increasing the magnetic field strength to 10.1 T for [1-13C]pyruvate and trityl. Using a custom dry magnet, cold head and recondensing, closed-cycle cooling system, combined with a modular DNP probe, and automation and fluid handling systems, we have designed a unique dDNP system with unrivalled flexibility and performance.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Pages (from-to)2184-2194
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2019


  • dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization
  • dry magnet
  • hyperpolarization
  • polarizer


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