Critical aspects of balloon position during final proximal optimization technique (POT) in coronary bifurcation stenting

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  • Lene N Andreasen
  • Niels R Holm
  • Bruce Webber, Intra - Image Guided Healthcare, Auckland, New Zealand.
  • ,
  • John A Ormiston, Intra - Image Guided Healthcare, Auckland, New Zealand.

OBJECTIVES: In a coronary bifurcation bench model, to determine the effects of side branch (SB) wire crossing position and balloon position on the stent scaffolding after the final proximal optimization technique (POT).

BACKGROUND: POT performed as a final step after SB dilatation or kissing balloon inflation (KBI) has been widely advocated despite limited evidence.

METHODS: Thirty-one stent implantations in bifurcation phantoms were performed using a one-stent provisional technique with (KBI) (n = 13), with POT-side-POT technique (n = 12) or with the two-stent culotte technique (n = 6). SB wiring was performed through either a proximal or a distal stent cell and confirmed by optical coherence tomography. Final POT was performed with the balloon positioned either across or proximal to the SB takeoff. The area of the opened stent cell in front of the SB was assessed by 3D reconstructed microcomputation tomography scans performed before and after Final POT.

RESULTS: In cases with metallic carina, final POT across the SB takeoff caused SB rejailing. Regardless of stent technique and wire position, a Final POT across the SB takeoff reduced the SB cell opening area by 43% [32%;58%] (n = 15). The largest reduction (54-70%) was found after the POT-side-POT technique in procedures with a proximal wiring. Final POT performed proximal to the SB takeoff caused limited or no SB cell opening area reduction (4% [0.6%;6%] [n = 16]).

CONCLUSION: Final POT with balloon positioned across the SB takeoff in a narrow angle bifurcation reduces largest stent cell area in front of the SB ostium and may cause SB rejailing in cases with metallic carina.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Pages (from-to)31-39
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

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