Department of Economics and Business Economics

Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets. / Bjørnskov, Christian; Rode, Martin.

In: Political Studies, Vol. 67, No. 4, 11.2019, p. 815–833.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bjørnskov, C & Rode, M 2019, 'Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets', Political Studies, vol. 67, no. 4, pp. 815–833. https://doi.org/10.1177/0032321718807858

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bjørnskov, Christian ; Rode, Martin. / Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets. In: Political Studies. 2019 ; Vol. 67, No. 4. pp. 815–833.

Bibtex

@article{6ddc28b718c2477296be840dbccd6422,
title = "Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets",
abstract = "Proper government reaction to economic crisis has long been a central element of public policy debate and is experiencing a revival after the Great Recession of 2008. Previous studies argue on theoretical and empirical grounds that crises may lead to more interventionist policies, but also cause deregulation and liberalization. This article claims that policy responses will partly depend on the core economic ideology of government, causing ideologically heterogeneous post-crisis strategies. Employing a panel of 69 countries for which salient ideology measures can be constructed, we find that growth crises between 1975 and 2015 caused larger increases in government size and regulatory policy when countries have left-wing governments. We also find some evidence of policy ratchets, meaning that certain crisis policies present a tendency to become permanent, regardless of the ideology of successive governments in power. Rolling back the public sector in size and scope seems to be possible, but our results show that, on average, it does not clearly occur as an ideologically driven reaction to anti-crisis policies.",
keywords = "economic crisis, government growth, government ideology, policy ratchets, regulation",
author = "Christian Bj{\o}rnskov and Martin Rode",
year = "2019",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1177/0032321718807858",
language = "English",
volume = "67",
pages = "815–833",
journal = "Political Studies",
issn = "0032-3217",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crisis, Ideology, and Interventionist Policy Ratchets

AU - Bjørnskov, Christian

AU - Rode, Martin

PY - 2019/11

Y1 - 2019/11

N2 - Proper government reaction to economic crisis has long been a central element of public policy debate and is experiencing a revival after the Great Recession of 2008. Previous studies argue on theoretical and empirical grounds that crises may lead to more interventionist policies, but also cause deregulation and liberalization. This article claims that policy responses will partly depend on the core economic ideology of government, causing ideologically heterogeneous post-crisis strategies. Employing a panel of 69 countries for which salient ideology measures can be constructed, we find that growth crises between 1975 and 2015 caused larger increases in government size and regulatory policy when countries have left-wing governments. We also find some evidence of policy ratchets, meaning that certain crisis policies present a tendency to become permanent, regardless of the ideology of successive governments in power. Rolling back the public sector in size and scope seems to be possible, but our results show that, on average, it does not clearly occur as an ideologically driven reaction to anti-crisis policies.

AB - Proper government reaction to economic crisis has long been a central element of public policy debate and is experiencing a revival after the Great Recession of 2008. Previous studies argue on theoretical and empirical grounds that crises may lead to more interventionist policies, but also cause deregulation and liberalization. This article claims that policy responses will partly depend on the core economic ideology of government, causing ideologically heterogeneous post-crisis strategies. Employing a panel of 69 countries for which salient ideology measures can be constructed, we find that growth crises between 1975 and 2015 caused larger increases in government size and regulatory policy when countries have left-wing governments. We also find some evidence of policy ratchets, meaning that certain crisis policies present a tendency to become permanent, regardless of the ideology of successive governments in power. Rolling back the public sector in size and scope seems to be possible, but our results show that, on average, it does not clearly occur as an ideologically driven reaction to anti-crisis policies.

KW - economic crisis

KW - government growth

KW - government ideology

KW - policy ratchets

KW - regulation

U2 - 10.1177/0032321718807858

DO - 10.1177/0032321718807858

M3 - Journal article

VL - 67

SP - 815

EP - 833

JO - Political Studies

JF - Political Studies

SN - 0032-3217

IS - 4

ER -