COVID-19 – aktualne dane kliniczne i przegląd zaleceńdla lekarzy otorynolaryngologów i stomatologów

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Kazimierz Niemczyk, Medical University of Warsaw
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  • Agnieszka Jasinska, Medical University of Warsaw
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  • Przemysław Krawczyk, Medical University of Warsaw
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  • Małgorzata Bilinska

Despite multidirectional activities in the sphere of politics, health care and limiting direct interpersonal contacts to a minimum, the Covid-19 pandemic has covered the whole world and the number of new cases is rising exponentially. This demonstrates the considerable severity of the situation. The doctors and other health professionals are and will be at the forefront of the fight against the pandemic, being at the same time the group most at risk of infection. SARS-CoV-2 virus infection applies to patients of all ages, with a median age of 49-59 years. The most common complaints in patients with Covid-19 include fever, caught, dyspnea, general malaise and muscle aches. The course of Covid-19 may include pneumonia, which is moderate to severe in about 20% of cases and is associated with respiratory distress. Of significance to otorhinolaryngologists are reports of smell and taste disorders. Postinfectious loss of smell can affect about 30% of all patients with Covid-19. Confirmation of SARS-CoV-2 infection in patients with symptomatic or epidemiological suspicion of Covid-19 is constituted by genetic tests RT-PCR. Biological material is usually taken from the nose or nasopharynx. The management of Covid-19 is symptomatic since there is currently no specific cure. There is a particularly high risk of transmitting infection from patients to physicians who treat diseases of the respiratory tract or perform any interventions on the upper or lower respiratory tract. Low-symptomatic first stages of the disease with high viral load mean that during the pandemic, scheduled examinations and procedures should be limited. During the examination of patients or their treatment, adequate full PPE protection is indicated, reducing the risk of accidental infection of the treatment team. For the management of patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection or requiring immediate treatment without the possibility of determining epidemiological factors Covid-19, full protection in PPE is obligatory.

Translated title of the contributionCovid-19-the current clinical data and a review of recommendations for otolaryngologists and dentists
Original languagePolish
JournalPolish Otorhinolaryngology Review
Volume9
Issue1
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
ISSN2084-5308
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020

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