Coupling of lysosomal and mitochondrial membrane permeabilization in trypanolysis by APOL1

Gilles Vanwalleghem, Frédéric Fontaine, Laurence Lecordier, Patricia Tebabi, Kristoffer Klewe, Derek P. Nolan, Yoshiki Yamaryo-Botté, Cyrille Botté, Anneke Kremer, Gabriela Schumann Burkard, Joachim Rassow, Isabel Roditi, David Pérez-Morga, Etienne Pays*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

64 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Humans resist infection by the African parasite Trypanosoma brucei owing to the trypanolytic activity of the serum apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1). Following uptake by endocytosis in the parasite, APOL1 forms pores in endolysosomal membranes and triggers lysosome swelling. Here we show that APOL1 induces both lysosomal and mitochondrial membrane permeabilization (LMP and MMP). Trypanolysis coincides with MMP and consecutive release of the mitochondrial TbEndoG endonuclease to the nucleus. APOL1 is associated with the kinesin TbKIFC1, of which both the motor and vesicular trafficking VHS domains are required for MMP, but not for LMP. The presence of APOL1 in the mitochondrion is accompanied by mitochondrial membrane fenestration, which can be mimicked by knockdown of a mitochondrial mitofusin-like protein (TbMFNL). The BH3-like peptide of APOL1 is required for LMP, MMP and trypanolysis. Thus, trypanolysis by APOL1 is linked to apoptosis-like MMP occurring together with TbKIFC1-mediated transport of APOL1 from endolysosomal membranes to the mitochondrion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8078
JournalNature Communications
Volume6
ISSN2041-1723
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes

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