Corticomedullary shunting after ischaemia and reperfusion in the porcine kidney?

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Background: Renal perfusion may redistribute from cortex to medulla during systemic hypovolaemia and after renal ischaemia for other reasons, but there is no consensus on this matter. We studied renal perfusion after renal ischaemia and reperfusion. Methods: Renal perfusion distribution was examined by use of 153Gadolinium-labeled microspheres (MS) after 2 h (hrs) and 4 h ischaemia of the pig kidney followed by 4 h of reperfusion. Intra-arterial injected MS are trapped in the glomeruli in renal cortex, which means that MS are not present in the medulla under normal physiological conditions. Results: Visual evaluation after reperfusion demonstrated that MS redistributed from the renal cortex to the medulla in 6 out of 16 pigs (38%) subjected to 4 h ischaemia and in one out of 18 pigs subjected to 2 h ischaemia. Central renal uptake of MS covering the medullary/total renal uptake was significantly higher in kidneys subjected to 4 h ischaemia compared with pigs subjected to 2 h ischaemia (69 ± 5% vs. 63 ± 1%, p < 0.001), and also significantly higher than in the contralateral kidney (69 ± 5% vs. 63 ± 2%, p < 0.001). Analysis of blood and urine demonstrated no presence of radioactivity. Conclusion: The study demonstrated the presence of MS in the renal medulla in response to renal ischaemia and reperfusion suggesting that severe ischaemia and reperfusion of the pig kidney leads to opening of functional shunts bypassing glomeruli.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume23
Issue1
Number of pages5
ISSN1471-2369
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s).

    Research areas

  • Microspheres, Renal blood flow, Renal ischaemia, Renal perfusion, Renal redistribution, Renal shunts

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