Department of Economics and Business Economics

Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder : a Danish population-based cohort study. / Munch, Tina Nørgaard; Hedley, Paula Louise; Hagen, Christian Munch; Bækvad-Hansen, Marie; Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas; Grove, Jakob; Nordentoft, Merete; Børglum, Anders Dupont; Mortensen, Preben Bo; Werge, Thomas Mears; Melbye, Mads; Hougaard, David Michael; Christiansen, Michael.

In: Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders, Vol. 13, 2021, p. 19.

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Munch, TN, Hedley, PL, Hagen, CM, Bækvad-Hansen, M, Bybjerg-Grauholm, J, Grove, J, Nordentoft, M, Børglum, AD, Mortensen, PB, Werge, TM, Melbye, M, Hougaard, DM & Christiansen, M 2021, 'Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study', Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders, vol. 13, pp. 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

APA

Munch, T. N., Hedley, P. L., Hagen, C. M., Bækvad-Hansen, M., Bybjerg-Grauholm, J., Grove, J., Nordentoft, M., Børglum, A. D., Mortensen, P. B., Werge, T. M., Melbye, M., Hougaard, D. M., & Christiansen, M. (2021). Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study. Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders, 13, 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

CBE

Munch TN, Hedley PL, Hagen CM, Bækvad-Hansen M, Bybjerg-Grauholm J, Grove J, Nordentoft M, Børglum AD, Mortensen PB, Werge TM, Melbye M, Hougaard DM, Christiansen M. 2021. Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study. Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders. 13:19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

MLA

Vancouver

Munch TN, Hedley PL, Hagen CM, Bækvad-Hansen M, Bybjerg-Grauholm J, Grove J et al. Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study. Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders. 2021;13:19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

Author

Munch, Tina Nørgaard ; Hedley, Paula Louise ; Hagen, Christian Munch ; Bækvad-Hansen, Marie ; Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas ; Grove, Jakob ; Nordentoft, Merete ; Børglum, Anders Dupont ; Mortensen, Preben Bo ; Werge, Thomas Mears ; Melbye, Mads ; Hougaard, David Michael ; Christiansen, Michael. / Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder : a Danish population-based cohort study. In: Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders. 2021 ; Vol. 13. pp. 19.

Bibtex

@article{7db13fed767d41a982b88de42e200e7c,
title = "Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder: a Danish population-based cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus is not well understood, despite demonstrated links between autism spectrum disorder and cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities. Based on the hypothesis that autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus may, at least in some cases, be two manifestations of a shared congenital brain pathology, we investigated the potential association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus in a large Danish population-based cohort.METHODS: Patients and controls were obtained from the Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research iPSYCH2012 case-cohort, which includes all patients with selected psychiatric disorders born in Denmark 1981-2005 along with randomly selected population controls (end of follow-up, December 31, 2016). The associations between individual psychiatric disorders and hydrocephalus were estimated using binary logistic regression with adjustment for age and sex.RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 86,571 individuals, of which 14,654 were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, 28,606 were population controls, and the remaining were diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders. We identified 201 hydrocephalus cases; 68 among autism spectrum disorder patients and 40 among controls (OR 3.77, 95% CI 2.48-5.78), which corresponds to an absolute risk of 0.46 % (i.e. approximately one in 217 children with autism spectrum disorder had co-occurring hydrocephalus). The autism spectrum disorder-hydrocephalus association was significant over the entire subgroup spectrum of autism spectrum disorder.CONCLUSIONS: Given the considerable risk of hydrocephalus among patients with autism spectrum disorder, we suggest that patients with autism spectrum disorder should be evaluated for co-occurring hydrocephalus on a routine basis as timely neurosurgical intervention is important. Likewise, attention must be paid to traits of autism spectrum disorder in children with hydrocephalus. The results of this study call for future investigations on a potential shared aetiology between hydrocephalus and autism spectrum disorder, including the role abnormal CSF dynamics in the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder.",
author = "Munch, {Tina N{\o}rgaard} and Hedley, {Paula Louise} and Hagen, {Christian Munch} and Marie B{\ae}kvad-Hansen and Jonas Bybjerg-Grauholm and Jakob Grove and Merete Nordentoft and B{\o}rglum, {Anders Dupont} and Mortensen, {Preben Bo} and Werge, {Thomas Mears} and Mads Melbye and Hougaard, {David Michael} and Michael Christiansen",
year = "2021",
doi = "10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "19",
journal = "Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders",
issn = "1866-1947",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-occurring hydrocephalus in autism spectrum disorder

T2 - a Danish population-based cohort study

AU - Munch, Tina Nørgaard

AU - Hedley, Paula Louise

AU - Hagen, Christian Munch

AU - Bækvad-Hansen, Marie

AU - Bybjerg-Grauholm, Jonas

AU - Grove, Jakob

AU - Nordentoft, Merete

AU - Børglum, Anders Dupont

AU - Mortensen, Preben Bo

AU - Werge, Thomas Mears

AU - Melbye, Mads

AU - Hougaard, David Michael

AU - Christiansen, Michael

PY - 2021

Y1 - 2021

N2 - BACKGROUND: The association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus is not well understood, despite demonstrated links between autism spectrum disorder and cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities. Based on the hypothesis that autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus may, at least in some cases, be two manifestations of a shared congenital brain pathology, we investigated the potential association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus in a large Danish population-based cohort.METHODS: Patients and controls were obtained from the Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research iPSYCH2012 case-cohort, which includes all patients with selected psychiatric disorders born in Denmark 1981-2005 along with randomly selected population controls (end of follow-up, December 31, 2016). The associations between individual psychiatric disorders and hydrocephalus were estimated using binary logistic regression with adjustment for age and sex.RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 86,571 individuals, of which 14,654 were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, 28,606 were population controls, and the remaining were diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders. We identified 201 hydrocephalus cases; 68 among autism spectrum disorder patients and 40 among controls (OR 3.77, 95% CI 2.48-5.78), which corresponds to an absolute risk of 0.46 % (i.e. approximately one in 217 children with autism spectrum disorder had co-occurring hydrocephalus). The autism spectrum disorder-hydrocephalus association was significant over the entire subgroup spectrum of autism spectrum disorder.CONCLUSIONS: Given the considerable risk of hydrocephalus among patients with autism spectrum disorder, we suggest that patients with autism spectrum disorder should be evaluated for co-occurring hydrocephalus on a routine basis as timely neurosurgical intervention is important. Likewise, attention must be paid to traits of autism spectrum disorder in children with hydrocephalus. The results of this study call for future investigations on a potential shared aetiology between hydrocephalus and autism spectrum disorder, including the role abnormal CSF dynamics in the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder.

AB - BACKGROUND: The association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus is not well understood, despite demonstrated links between autism spectrum disorder and cerebrospinal fluid abnormalities. Based on the hypothesis that autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus may, at least in some cases, be two manifestations of a shared congenital brain pathology, we investigated the potential association between autism spectrum disorder and hydrocephalus in a large Danish population-based cohort.METHODS: Patients and controls were obtained from the Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research iPSYCH2012 case-cohort, which includes all patients with selected psychiatric disorders born in Denmark 1981-2005 along with randomly selected population controls (end of follow-up, December 31, 2016). The associations between individual psychiatric disorders and hydrocephalus were estimated using binary logistic regression with adjustment for age and sex.RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 86,571 individuals, of which 14,654 were diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, 28,606 were population controls, and the remaining were diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders. We identified 201 hydrocephalus cases; 68 among autism spectrum disorder patients and 40 among controls (OR 3.77, 95% CI 2.48-5.78), which corresponds to an absolute risk of 0.46 % (i.e. approximately one in 217 children with autism spectrum disorder had co-occurring hydrocephalus). The autism spectrum disorder-hydrocephalus association was significant over the entire subgroup spectrum of autism spectrum disorder.CONCLUSIONS: Given the considerable risk of hydrocephalus among patients with autism spectrum disorder, we suggest that patients with autism spectrum disorder should be evaluated for co-occurring hydrocephalus on a routine basis as timely neurosurgical intervention is important. Likewise, attention must be paid to traits of autism spectrum disorder in children with hydrocephalus. The results of this study call for future investigations on a potential shared aetiology between hydrocephalus and autism spectrum disorder, including the role abnormal CSF dynamics in the pathogenesis of autism spectrum disorder.

U2 - 10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

DO - 10.1186/s11689-021-09367-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 33910498

VL - 13

SP - 19

JO - Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders

JF - Journal of neurodevelopmental disorders

SN - 1866-1947

ER -