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Conversation analysis and affiliation and alignment

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The terms affiliation and alignment describe two different types of collaborative, responsive behavior in interaction. In conversation analytic research, these concepts have been distinguished so that “affiliation” describes collaborative behavior on the “affective” level and “alignment” is used for collaborative behavior on a more “structural” level. “Disaffiliation” and “disalignment” are used for non-collaborative behavior on the same levels. This entry outlines the differences between the two concepts and illustrates them by giving examples of utterances in their interactional contexts that are disaffiliating and disaligning, affiliating without aligning, and aligning without affiliating. It further discusses the analytic use of the terms and relates them to other recent concepts and fields of investigation in conversation analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe concise encyclopedia of applied linguistics
EditorsCarol Chapelle
Number of pages7
Place of publicationS.l.
Publication year2020
ISBN (print)978-1-119-14736-7
Publication statusPublished - 2020

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