Continuous-wave second-harmonic generation in the far-UVC pumped by a blue laser diode

Eric J. Stanton*, Peter Tønning*, Emil Z. Ulsig, Stig Calmar, Maiya A. Stanton, Simon T. Thomsen, Kevin B. Gravesen, Peter Johansen, Nicolas Volet

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Far-UVC light in the wavelength range of 200–230 nm has attracted renewed interest because of its safety for human exposure and effectiveness in inactivating pathogens. Here we present a compact solid-state far-UVC laser source based on second-harmonic generation (SHG) using a low-cost commercially-available blue laser diode pump. Leveraging the high intensity of light in a nanophotonic waveguide and heterogeneous integration, our approach achieves Cherenkov phase-matching across a bonded interface consisting of a silicon nitride (SiN) waveguide and a beta barium borate (BBO) nonlinear crystal. Through systematic investigations of waveguide dimensions and pump power, we analyze the dependencies of Cherenkov emission angle, conversion efficiency, and output power. Experimental results confirm the feasibility of generating far-UVC, paving the way for mass production in a compact form factor. This solid-state far-UVC laser source shows significant potential for applications in human-safe disinfection, non-line-of-sight free-space communication, and deep-UV Raman spectroscopy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3238
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


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