Conservation of a native dairy cattle breed through terminal crossbreeding with commercial dairy breeds

J. B. Clasen*, M. Kargo, W. F. Fikse, E. Strandberg, A. Wallenbeck, S. Østergaard, L. Rydhmer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Farmers play a key role in conserving native livestock breeds, but without economic support, farms with native breeds may not be viable. We hypothesized that terminal crossbreeding can improve herd economy and decrease the economic support needed from society. Three scenarios were simulated using SimHerd Crossbred: a herd of purebred Swedish Polled Cattle, a herd of purebred Swedish Red, and a herd of 75% Swedish Polled Cattle and 25% F1 crossbreds. The results showed annual contribution margin per cow in the herd can be increased by €181 by crossbreeding compared with pure-breeding with the native breed, giving a 13.6% growth in contribution margin. However, the needed cost in subsidies paid by the government will remain unchanged if the population size of the native breed is to be maintained. Combining a crossbreeding strategy with the marketing of niche products may facilitate the conservation of native cattle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section A - Animal Science
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • conservation
  • Crossbreeding
  • dairy cattle
  • native breeds


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