Aarhus University Seal

CONNECT: A neural network based framework for emulating cosmological observables and cosmological parameter inference

Research output: Working paper/Preprint Preprint


Bayesian parameter inference is an essential tool in modern cosmology, and typically requires the calculation of $10^5$--$10^6$ theoretical models for each inference of model parameters for a given dataset combination. Computing these models by solving the linearised Einstein-Boltzmann system usually takes tens of CPU core-seconds per model, making the entire process very computationally expensive. In this paper we present \textsc{connect}, a neural network framework emulating \textsc{class} computations as an easy-to-use plug-in for the popular sampler \textsc{MontePython}. \textsc{connect} uses an iteratively trained neural network which emulates the observables usually computed by \textsc{class}. The training data is generated using \textsc{class}, but using a novel algorithm for generating favourable points in parameter space for training data, the required number of \textsc{class}-evaluations can be reduced by two orders of magnitude compared to a traditional inference run. Once \textsc{connect} has been trained for a given model, no additional training is required for different dataset combinations, making \textsc{connect} many orders of magnitude faster than \textsc{class} (and making the inference process entirely dominated by the speed of the likelihood calculation). For the models investigated in this paper we find that cosmological parameter inference run with \textsc{connect} produces posteriors which differ from the posteriors derived using \textsc{class} by typically less than $0.01$--$0.1$ standard deviations for all parameters. We also stress that the training data can be produced in parallel, making efficient use of all available compute resources. The \textsc{connect} code is publicly available for download at \url{https://github.com/AarhusCosmology}.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2022

See relations at Aarhus University Citationformats

Download statistics

No data available

ID: 270194040