The control of the interactions of proteins with the support matrix plays a key role in medicine, drug delivery systems and diagnostics. Herein, we report that covalent anchoring of human transferrin to carbon-coated iron magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with carboxylic groups (Fe@C-COOH Nps) in the presence of magnetic field results in its conformational integrity and electroactivity. We have found that, the direct contact of human transferrin with Fe@C-COOH Nps does not lead to release of iron and in consequence to the irreversible conformational changes of the protein. Moreover, the examination of the direct electron transfer between Tf molecules from the conjugate and the electrode surface was possible. The quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation (QCM-D)- and thermogravimetric data (TGA) showed that under such conditions, in addition to a monolayer, an adlayer of the protein can be formed on Fe@C-COOH Nps at constant pH.
Statement of Significance
To our best knowledge this is the first paper that reports on covalent anchoring of human transferrin (Tf) to carbon-coated iron magnetic nanoparticles functionalized with carboxylic groups (Fe@C-COOH Nps) in the presence of magnetic field, which results in its conformational integrity and electroactivity. We showed that it is possible to attach, without changing pH, more than one single layer of transferrin to the Fe@C-COOH Nps. This is a very rare phenomenon in the case of proteins. We proved, using various experimental techniques, that the proposed methodology does not lead to release of iron from Tf molecules, what was the major problem so far. We believe that this finding opens new possibilities in targeting drug delivery systems and medical diagnostics. (C) 2016 Acta Materialia Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
- Human transferrin
- Protein layers
- Core-shell ferromagnetic nanoparticles
- Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation
- Magnetic field
- OXIDE NANOPARTICLES
- BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS