Cone beam computed tomography in dentomaxillofacial radiology: a two-decade overview

Hugo Gaêta-Araujo, Tamara Alzoubi, Karla de Faria Vasconcelos, Kaan Orhan, Ruben Pauwels, Jan W. Casselman, Reinhilde Jacobs

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OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and summarise features of currently and formerly available cone beam CT (CBCT) devices from 1996 to 2019. Additionally, a recommendation for standardised reporting of CBCT characteristics was provided. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Information about the features of all available CBCT devices was obtained from the manufacturers' available data. Moreover, site visits to newly developed CBCT machines' manufacturers were performed in order to obtain relevant information. RESULTS: A total of 279 CBCT models from 47 manufacturers located in 12 countries (Brazil, China, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Slovakia, Thailand, and USA) could be listed. Overall, wide variations in CBCT features and technical specifications were identified. CONCLUSIONS: CBCT in dentomaxillofacial radiology is a generic term applicable to a broad range of CBCT machines and features. Experimental outcomes and literature statements regarding radiation doses, imaging performance and diagnostic applicability of dental CBCT cannot be simply transferred from one CBCT model to another considering a wide variation in technical characteristics and clinical diagnostic performance. The information tabulated in the present study will be later provided on the International Association of DentoMaxilloFacial Radiology website (

Original languageEnglish
Article number20200145
JournalDento maxillo facial radiology
Number of pages20
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • cone-beam computed tomography
  • radiology
  • three-dimensional imaging
  • tomography scanners


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