Comparison of Acute Versus Subacute Coronary Angiography in Patients With NON-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (from the NONSTEMI Trial)

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The optimal timing of coronary angiography (CAG) in high-risk patients with acute coronary syndrome without persisting ST-segment elevation (NST-ACS) remains undetermined. The NON-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction trial aimed to compare outcomes in NSTE-ACS patients randomized to acute CAG (STEMI-like approach) with patients randomized to medical therapy and subacute CAG. We randomized 496 patients with suspected NST-ACS based on symptoms and significant regional ST depressions and/or elevated point-of-care troponin T (POC-cTnT) (≥50 ng/l) to either acute CAG (<2 hours, n = 245) or subacute CAG (<72 hours, n = 251). The primary end point was a composite of all-cause death, reinfarction, and readmission with congestive heart failure within 1 year from randomization. A final acute coronary syndrome (ACS) diagnosis was assigned to 429 (86.5%) patients. The median time from randomization to revascularization was 1.3 hours in the acute CAG group versus 51.1 hours in the subacute CAG group (p <0.001). The composite end point occurred in 25 patients (10.2%) in the acute CAG group and 29 (11.6%) in the subacute CAG group, p = 0.62. The acute CAG group had a 1-year all-cause mortality of 5.7% compared with 5.6% in the subacute CAG group, p = 0.96. In conclusion, neither the composite end point of all-cause death, reinfarction, and readmission with congestive heart failure nor mortality differed between an acute and subacute CAG approach in NSTE-ACS patients. However, identification of NSTE-ACS patients in the prehospital phase and direct triage to an invasive center is feasible, safe and may facilitate early diagnosis and revascularization.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe American Journal of Cardiology
Volume124
Issue6
Pages (from-to)825-832
Number of pages8
ISSN0002-9149
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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