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Co-morbidity and mortality among patients with interstitial lung diseases: A population-based study.

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Co-morbidity and mortality among patients with interstitial lung diseases: A population-based study. / Hilberg, Ole; Bendstrup, Elisabeth; Løkke, Anders; Ibsen, Rikke; Fløe, Andreas; Hyldgaard, Charlotte.

In: Respirology, Vol. 23, No. 6, 2018, p. 606-612.

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@article{4963d67d5a9f4e32b69a5d04c26d9197,
title = "Co-morbidity and mortality among patients with interstitial lung diseases: A population-based study.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Co-morbidities are frequent among patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). The objective of this study was to investigate their impact on mortality. METHODS: We used the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) to identify all patients with a first-time diagnosis of ILD between 1998 and 2010. Patients with ILD were matched 1:4 with controls from the background population. The burden of co-morbidity was assessed using the Deyo-Charlson co-morbidity score (DCcs). Mortality risks were assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and hazard rate ratios (HRR) for death were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: We identified 10 629 patients with ILD with a corresponding incidence estimate of ILD in Denmark of 17.6 per 100 000 inhabitants (95% CI: 16.5-18.7). Mean age was 72 years and 45.6% of the patients were females. Co-morbidity (DCcs ≥ 1) was present in 30% of the ILD patients and 12% of the controls (P < 0.001). The 5-year survival was 56.0% (95% CI: 54.6-56.6) among ILD patients and 84.0% (95% CI: 83.7-84.4) among controls. HRR for death among patients with ILD was 3.82 for males (95% CI: 3.63-4.02) and 3.85 for females (95% CI: 3.62-4.09) with matched controls as reference. Decreasing survival was seen with increasing DCcs for both groups. The 5-year survival for DCcs = 0 was 61% for ILD and 87% for controls compared with 41% versus 58% for DCcs = 2. CONCLUSION: Survival was impaired for patients with ILD for all levels of the DCcs, although increasing burden of co-morbidity tended to close the mortality gap.",
author = "Ole Hilberg and Elisabeth Bendstrup and Anders L{\o}kke and Rikke Ibsen and Andreas Fl{\o}e and Charlotte Hyldgaard",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1111/resp.13234",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "606--612",
journal = "Respirology",
issn = "1323-7799",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Co-morbidity and mortality among patients with interstitial lung diseases: A population-based study.

AU - Hilberg, Ole

AU - Bendstrup, Elisabeth

AU - Løkke, Anders

AU - Ibsen, Rikke

AU - Fløe, Andreas

AU - Hyldgaard, Charlotte

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Co-morbidities are frequent among patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). The objective of this study was to investigate their impact on mortality. METHODS: We used the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) to identify all patients with a first-time diagnosis of ILD between 1998 and 2010. Patients with ILD were matched 1:4 with controls from the background population. The burden of co-morbidity was assessed using the Deyo-Charlson co-morbidity score (DCcs). Mortality risks were assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and hazard rate ratios (HRR) for death were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: We identified 10 629 patients with ILD with a corresponding incidence estimate of ILD in Denmark of 17.6 per 100 000 inhabitants (95% CI: 16.5-18.7). Mean age was 72 years and 45.6% of the patients were females. Co-morbidity (DCcs ≥ 1) was present in 30% of the ILD patients and 12% of the controls (P < 0.001). The 5-year survival was 56.0% (95% CI: 54.6-56.6) among ILD patients and 84.0% (95% CI: 83.7-84.4) among controls. HRR for death among patients with ILD was 3.82 for males (95% CI: 3.63-4.02) and 3.85 for females (95% CI: 3.62-4.09) with matched controls as reference. Decreasing survival was seen with increasing DCcs for both groups. The 5-year survival for DCcs = 0 was 61% for ILD and 87% for controls compared with 41% versus 58% for DCcs = 2. CONCLUSION: Survival was impaired for patients with ILD for all levels of the DCcs, although increasing burden of co-morbidity tended to close the mortality gap.

AB - BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Co-morbidities are frequent among patients with interstitial lung diseases (ILD). The objective of this study was to investigate their impact on mortality. METHODS: We used the Danish National Patient Registry (DNPR) to identify all patients with a first-time diagnosis of ILD between 1998 and 2010. Patients with ILD were matched 1:4 with controls from the background population. The burden of co-morbidity was assessed using the Deyo-Charlson co-morbidity score (DCcs). Mortality risks were assessed using Kaplan-Meier survival curves, and hazard rate ratios (HRR) for death were estimated using Cox proportional hazards regression models. RESULTS: We identified 10 629 patients with ILD with a corresponding incidence estimate of ILD in Denmark of 17.6 per 100 000 inhabitants (95% CI: 16.5-18.7). Mean age was 72 years and 45.6% of the patients were females. Co-morbidity (DCcs ≥ 1) was present in 30% of the ILD patients and 12% of the controls (P < 0.001). The 5-year survival was 56.0% (95% CI: 54.6-56.6) among ILD patients and 84.0% (95% CI: 83.7-84.4) among controls. HRR for death among patients with ILD was 3.82 for males (95% CI: 3.63-4.02) and 3.85 for females (95% CI: 3.62-4.09) with matched controls as reference. Decreasing survival was seen with increasing DCcs for both groups. The 5-year survival for DCcs = 0 was 61% for ILD and 87% for controls compared with 41% versus 58% for DCcs = 2. CONCLUSION: Survival was impaired for patients with ILD for all levels of the DCcs, although increasing burden of co-morbidity tended to close the mortality gap.

U2 - 10.1111/resp.13234

DO - 10.1111/resp.13234

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29251396

VL - 23

SP - 606

EP - 612

JO - Respirology

JF - Respirology

SN - 1323-7799

IS - 6

ER -