Communication about weight-related issues with adult patients with obesity in general practice: A scoping review

Cecilie Sonne Lindberg*, Annelli Sandbaek, Sissel Due Jensen, Jens Meldgaard Bruun, Pernille Andreassen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Primary care providers see patients with obesity in general practice every day but may be challenged regarding communication about obesity. The research question of this study is: how do general practitioners and general practice staff and adult patients with obesity communicate about weight-related issues?. Methods: A scoping review approach was used, searching PubMed, Scopus and CINAHL for peer-reviewed studies – of both quantitative and/or qualitative study designs, and published between 2001 and 2021. Results: Twenty articles were included. The weight-related issues discussed were by far physical issues, and only one study mentioned psychosocial issues. Most of the included studies contained information on who initiates the communication, how the weight-related issues are addressed and handled, and also obstacles and challenges in relation to the communication. The studies lacked information of when the weight-related issues are addressed and differences in views and experiences when discussing weight-related issues in general practice. Conclusion: Studies with the main focus communication about obesity and overall health in general practice are needed. Findings also indicate, that non-stigmatizing communication tools and guidelines are needed on this area to promote these types of conservations.

Original languageEnglish
JournalObesity Science and Practice
Volume9
Issue5
Pages (from-to)548-570
Number of pages23
ISSN2055-2238
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2023

Keywords

  • communication
  • obesity
  • primary care
  • scoping review

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