Department of Political Science

Command-And-Control or Taxation? The Cases of Water Regulation in California and Denmark

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  • Christina Oh, Communications Manager of Worldwide Public Affairs, The Walt Disney Company, United States
  • Gert Tinggaard Svendsen
California and Denmark are both facing water scarcity issues as demand has increased and supply has decreased over the years. In order to solve this problem these two actors have chosen very different ways of dealing with sustaining an adequate amount of domestic water supply. California has chosen an ineffective command-and-control (CAC) tool, whereas Denmark has chosen the effective tool of taxation. One main explanation for this variation in policy choice is the variation in institutional setups, namely the corporatist route in Denmark versus the pluralistic route in California.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnvironmental Management and Sustainable Development
Pages (from-to)141-151
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2015

    Research areas

  • California, Denmark, Taxation, Command and control, Pluralism, Corporatism, Water regulation

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