Department of Economics and Business Economics

Combining expert forecasts: Can anything beat the simple average?

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • V. Genre, European Central Bank
  • ,
  • G. Kenny, European Central Bank
  • ,
  • A. Meyler, European Central Bank
  • ,
  • A. Timmermann
This paper explores the gains from combining expert forecasts from the ECB Survey of Professional Forecasters (SPF). The analysis encompasses combinations based on principal components and trimmed means, performance-based weighting, and least squares estimates of optimal weights, as well as Bayesian shrinkage. For GDP growth and the unemployment rate, only few of the individual forecast combination schemes outperform the simple equally weighted average forecast in a pseudo-out-of-sample analysis, while there is stronger evidence of improvement over this benchmark for the inflation rate. Nonetheless, when we account for the effect of multiple model comparisons through White's reality check, the results caution against any assumption that the improvements identified would persist in the future.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Forecasting
Volume29
Issue1
Pages (from-to)108-121
Number of pages14
ISSN0169-2070
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013

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