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Combined perfusion- and diffusion-weighted MR imaging in acute ischemic stroke during the 1st week: a longitudinal study

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  • J O Karonen, Denmark
  • Y Liu, Denmark
  • R L Vanninen, Denmark
  • Leif Østergaard
  • P L Kaarina Partanen, Denmark
  • P A Vainio, Denmark
  • E J Vanninen, Denmark
  • J Nuutinen, Denmark
  • R Roivainen, Denmark
  • S Soimakallio, Denmark
  • J T Kuikka, Denmark
  • H J Aronen, Denmark
PURPOSE: To compare findings with different magnetic resonance (MR) perfusion maps in acute ischemic stroke. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Combined diffusion-weighted (DW) and perfusion-weighted (PW) MR imaging was performed in 49 patients with acute (<24 hours) stroke, on the 1st and 2nd days and 1 week after stroke. Volumes of hypoperfused tissue on maps of relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV), relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF), and mean transit time (MTT) were compared with the volume of infarcted tissue at DW imaging. RESULTS: The mean infarct volume increased from 41 to 65 cm(3) between the 1st and 2nd days (P: <.001; n = 49). On the 1st day, all perfusion maps on average showed hypoperfusion lesions larger than the infarct at DW imaging (P: <.001; n = 49). MTT maps showed significantly (P: <.001) larger hypoperfusion lesions than did rCBF maps, which showed significantly (P: <.001) larger hypoperfusion lesions than did rCBV maps. The sizes of the initial perfusion-diffusion mismatches correlated significantly with the extent of infarct growth (0.479 < r < 0.657; P:
Original languageEnglish
JournalRadiology
Volume217
Issue3
Pages (from-to)886-94
Number of pages9
ISSN0033-8419
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2000

    Research areas

  • Acute Disease, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blood Flow Velocity, Brain Infarction, Cerebrovascular Circulation, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Reproducibility of Results, Stroke

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