Combined onshore and offshore wide-scale seismic data acquisition and imaging for carbon capture and storage exploration in Havnsø, Denmark

Samuel Zappalá*, Alireza Malehmir, Myrto Papadopoulou, Ulrik Gregersen, Thomas Funck, Ole R. Clausen, Egon Nørmark

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Strong global actions for climate change include carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a feasible solution to reach carbon neutrality and raise opportunities for detailed subsurface investigations. An acquisition set-up designed for onshore-offshore zones was maximized for wide-scale high-resolution structural imaging and implemented to cover a domal structure of interest for CCS utilization close to the town of Havnsø (Denmark). The challenges of the combined acquisition and processing of land and marine multisensor data along a 42 km seismic profile are analyzed, the suggested solutions are applied, and the limitations are discussed. On the onshore side, a nodal array and a seismic landstreamer system were simultaneously used, whereas along the transition zone, a marine seismic streamer and ocean-bottom seismometers were added to record the seismic response generated by two seismic vibrator sources. The adopted sensing domains (velocity, acceleration, and pressure) were studied, and different processing steps were evaluated to enable their processing and subsequent data set merging. Results suggest, as the best approach, a separate prestack processing of the different data sets and the computation of new geometries and new surface-consistent residual static correction after their merging. The data acquired in the transition zone illuminate, for the first time, the subsurface geology of the region, delineating an expected domal closure. The final seismic section shows high continuity of the reflections with good resolution along the entire profile, identifying the main reservoir structure and the surrounding areas, which are important to ensure reservoir integrity and safe exploitation over longer time scales. Shallow and deep reflections are consistent with the stratigraphic column from a well log near the profile. The presented study shows a comprehensive workflow for processing such a multisensor data set in onshore and transition zone settings.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeophysics
Volume89
Issue4
Pages (from-to)B257-B272
ISSN0016-8033
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2024

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