Combined effects of methadone and quetiapine on respiratory rate, haemodynamic variables, and temperature in conscious rats

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Abstract

Fatal poisonings where both methadone and quetiapine are detected post-mortem occurs frequently in legal autopsy cases. It is unclear whether quetiapine increases the risk of fatal methadone poisoning or if it is merely detected due to widespread use. We hypothesized that methadone and quetiapine would have additive toxic effects on respiratory rate, blood pressure, and the QTc-interval. To investigate this hypothesis, we used telemetry implants for measurements of respiratory rate, haemodynamic variables, the velocity of blood pressure changes, temperature, and movement in conscious, freely moving male Wistar rats aged 12-13 weeks. The combined effects of three accumulative i.p. doses of methadone (2.5, 10, 15 mg/kg) and quetiapine (3, 10, 30 mg/kg) were compared to rats treated with the same doses of each drug alone, and a vehicle-treated group in a randomized investigator blinded study. No additive effects of quetiapine and methadone on respiratory rate, haemodynamic variables, or movement were observed. However, body temperature was significantly lower by approximately 1.5°C on average in the group treated with both methadone and quetiapine (15 + 30 mg/kg) compared to the other groups. This indicates a synergistic effect of quetiapine and methadone on thermoregulation, which may increase the risk of fatal poisoning. We suggest studying this finding further in human settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13320
JournalAddiction Biology
Volume28
Issue9
Number of pages9
ISSN1369-1600
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Rats
  • Animals
  • Male
  • Respiratory Rate
  • Quetiapine Fumarate/pharmacology
  • Methadone/pharmacology
  • Temperature
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Hemodynamics

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