Co-existence of Two Different α-Synuclein Oligomers with Different Core Structures Determined by Hydrogen/Deuterium Exchange Mass Spectrometry

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  • Wojciech Paslawski, Interdisciplinary Nanoscience Center (iNANO), Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics, Center for Insoluble Protein Structures (inSPIN), Aarhus University, Gustav Wieds Vej 14, 8000 Aarhus C (Denmark)., Denmark
  • Simon Mysling, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark , Denmark
  • Karen Thomsen, Denmark
  • Thomas J D Jørgensen, Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark , Denmark
  • Daniel Otzen

Neurodegenerative disorders are characterized by the formation of protein oligomers and amyloid fibrils, which in the case of Parkinson's disease involves the protein α-synuclein (αSN). Cytotoxicity is mainly associated with the oligomeric species, but we still know little about their assembly and structure. Hydrogen/deuterium exchange (HDX) monitored by mass spectrometry is used to analyze oligomers formed by wild-type (wt) αSN and also three familial αSN mutants (A30P, E46K, and A53T). All four variants show co-existence of two different oligomers. The backbone amides of oligomer type I are protected from exchange with D2 O until they dissociate into monomeric αSN by EX1 exchange kinetics. Fewer residues are protected against exchange in oligomer type II, but this type does not revert to αSN monomers. Both oligomers are protected in the core sequence Y39-A89. Based on incubation studies, oligomer type I appears to form straight fibrils, while oligomer type II forms amorphous clusters that do not directly contribute to the fibrillation process.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAngewandte Chemie International Edition
Volume53
Issue29
Pages (from-to)7560-7563
Number of pages4
ISSN1433-7851
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jul 2014

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