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Classification of viable and non-viable spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) seeds by single seed near infrared spectroscopy and extended canonical variates analysis

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Near-infrared (NIR) reflectance spectroscopy is a common non-destructive method for predicting seed quality parameters, such as moisture, oil, carbohydrates and protein content. Furthermore, variations in absorbance between germinating and non-germinating seeds have been shown in single seed studies. Spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.) is the major crop in vegetable seed production in Denmark and two seed lots with viability percentages of 90% and 97% were chosen for examination by single seed NIR spectroscopy. Lipids play a major role in both ageing and germination. During accelerated ageing, lipid peroxidation leads to deterioration of cell membranes and contributes in that way to reducing seed viability of the seed sample. These biochemical changes may be the reason for a clear grouping between aged and non-aged seeds when performing the extended canonical variates analysis (ECVA). Assigning the difference of scatter corrected absorbance spectra from aged and non-aged seeds also lead to CH2, CH3 and HC=CH structures, which are some of the functional groups in lipids. In the ECVA plot, there was a clear difference between seeds with and without a pericarp. Evaluating the spectra, the pattern of peaks was almost similar, but the intensity was different in the absorption band at 1350 nm. The number of misclassified seeds ranged from 1.7% to 10.5% and it was lowest in seeds with a pericarp. This indicates the influence of the pericarp during germination, which is in accordance with earlier studies of spinach seeds. Single seed NIR and ECVA classification are potential methods for the prediction of seed viability.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Near Infrared Spectroscopy
Pages (from-to)171-180
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2011

    Research areas

  • spinach, seed quality, near infrared spectroscopy, pericarp, accelerated ageing, germination, ECVA, single NIR

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