Circular RNAs as microRNA sponges: Evidence and controversies

Morten T.Jarlstad Olesen, Lasse S. Kristensen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperReviewResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Gene expression in eukaryotic cells is a complex process encompassing several layers of regulation at the transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. At the post-transcriptional level,microRNAs (miRs) are key regulatorymolecules that function by binding directly to mRNAs. This generally leads to less efficient translation of the target mRNAs. More recently, an additional layer of gene regulation has been discovered, as other molecules, including circular RNAs (circRNAs), may bind to miRs and thereby function as sponges or decoys resulting in increased expression of the corresponding miR target genes. The circRNAs constitute a large class of mainly non-coding RNAs, which have been extensively studied in recent years, in particular in the cancer research field where many circRNAs have been proposed to function as miR sponges. Here, we briefly describe miR-mediated gene regulation and the extra layer of regulation that is imposed by the circRNAs. We describe techniques and methodologies that are commonly used to investigate potential miR sponging properties of circRNAs and discuss major pitfalls and controversies within this relatively new research field.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEssays in Biochemistry
Volume65
Issue4
Pages (from-to)685-696
Number of pages12
ISSN0071-1365
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021

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