Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences

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Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences. / Czéh, Boldizsár; Varga, Zsófia K Kalangyáné; Henningsen, Kim; Kovács, Gábor L; Miseta, Attila; Wiborg, Ove.

In: The Hippocampus, Vol. 25, No. 3, 03.2015, p. 393-405.

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Czéh, Boldizsár ; Varga, Zsófia K Kalangyáné ; Henningsen, Kim ; Kovács, Gábor L ; Miseta, Attila ; Wiborg, Ove. / Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences. In: The Hippocampus. 2015 ; Vol. 25, No. 3. pp. 393-405.

Bibtex

@article{3ea744ed2dd048b8b4cad50438e0366e,
title = "Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences",
abstract = "Major depressive disorder is a common and complex mental disorder with unknown etiology. GABAergic dysfunction is likely to contribute to the pathophysiology since disrupted GABAergic systems are well documented in depressed patients. Here we studied structural changes in the hippocampal GABAergic network using the chronic mild stress (CMS) model, as one of the best validated animal models for depression. Rats were subjected to 9 weeks of daily stress and behaviorally characterized using the sucrose consumption test into anhedonic and resilient animals based on their response to stress. Different subtypes of GABAergic interneurons were visualized by immunohistochemistry using antibodies for parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), calbindin (CB), cholecystokinin (CCK), somatostatin (SOM), and neuropeptide Y (NPY). We used an unbiased quantification method to systematically count labeled cells in different subareas of the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Chronic stress reduced the number of specific interneurons in distinct hippocampal subregions significantly. PV+ and CR+ neurons were reduced in all dorsal subareas, whereas in the ventral part only the CA1 was affected. Stress had the most pronounced effect on the NPY+ and SOM+ cells and reduced their number in almost all dorsal and ventral subareas. Stress had no effect on the CCK+ and CB+ interneurons. In most cases the effect of stress was irrespective to the behavioral phenotype. However, in a few specific areas the number of SOM+, NPY+, and CR+ neurons were significantly reduced in anhedonic animals compared to the resilient group. Overall, these data clearly demonstrate that chronic stress affects the structural integrity of specific GABAergic neuronal subpopulations and this should also affect the functioning of these hippocampal GABAergic networks.",
keywords = "Analysis of Variance, Animals, Calbindin 1, Cell Count, Cholecystokinin, Disease Models, Animal, Food Preferences, GABAergic Neurons, Hippocampus, Interneurons, Male, Nerve Tissue Proteins, Peptide Fragments, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Stress, Psychological, Sucrose, Sweetening Agents, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't",
author = "Boldizs{\'a}r Cz{\'e}h and Varga, {Zs{\'o}fia K Kalangy{\'a}n{\'e}} and Kim Henningsen and Kov{\'a}cs, {G{\'a}bor L} and Attila Miseta and Ove Wiborg",
note = "{\circledC} 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.",
year = "2015",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1002/hipo.22382",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "393--405",
journal = "The Hippocampus",
issn = "1050-9631",
publisher = "JohnWiley & Sons, Inc.",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences

AU - Czéh, Boldizsár

AU - Varga, Zsófia K Kalangyáné

AU - Henningsen, Kim

AU - Kovács, Gábor L

AU - Miseta, Attila

AU - Wiborg, Ove

N1 - © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

PY - 2015/3

Y1 - 2015/3

N2 - Major depressive disorder is a common and complex mental disorder with unknown etiology. GABAergic dysfunction is likely to contribute to the pathophysiology since disrupted GABAergic systems are well documented in depressed patients. Here we studied structural changes in the hippocampal GABAergic network using the chronic mild stress (CMS) model, as one of the best validated animal models for depression. Rats were subjected to 9 weeks of daily stress and behaviorally characterized using the sucrose consumption test into anhedonic and resilient animals based on their response to stress. Different subtypes of GABAergic interneurons were visualized by immunohistochemistry using antibodies for parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), calbindin (CB), cholecystokinin (CCK), somatostatin (SOM), and neuropeptide Y (NPY). We used an unbiased quantification method to systematically count labeled cells in different subareas of the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Chronic stress reduced the number of specific interneurons in distinct hippocampal subregions significantly. PV+ and CR+ neurons were reduced in all dorsal subareas, whereas in the ventral part only the CA1 was affected. Stress had the most pronounced effect on the NPY+ and SOM+ cells and reduced their number in almost all dorsal and ventral subareas. Stress had no effect on the CCK+ and CB+ interneurons. In most cases the effect of stress was irrespective to the behavioral phenotype. However, in a few specific areas the number of SOM+, NPY+, and CR+ neurons were significantly reduced in anhedonic animals compared to the resilient group. Overall, these data clearly demonstrate that chronic stress affects the structural integrity of specific GABAergic neuronal subpopulations and this should also affect the functioning of these hippocampal GABAergic networks.

AB - Major depressive disorder is a common and complex mental disorder with unknown etiology. GABAergic dysfunction is likely to contribute to the pathophysiology since disrupted GABAergic systems are well documented in depressed patients. Here we studied structural changes in the hippocampal GABAergic network using the chronic mild stress (CMS) model, as one of the best validated animal models for depression. Rats were subjected to 9 weeks of daily stress and behaviorally characterized using the sucrose consumption test into anhedonic and resilient animals based on their response to stress. Different subtypes of GABAergic interneurons were visualized by immunohistochemistry using antibodies for parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), calbindin (CB), cholecystokinin (CCK), somatostatin (SOM), and neuropeptide Y (NPY). We used an unbiased quantification method to systematically count labeled cells in different subareas of the dorsal and ventral hippocampus. Chronic stress reduced the number of specific interneurons in distinct hippocampal subregions significantly. PV+ and CR+ neurons were reduced in all dorsal subareas, whereas in the ventral part only the CA1 was affected. Stress had the most pronounced effect on the NPY+ and SOM+ cells and reduced their number in almost all dorsal and ventral subareas. Stress had no effect on the CCK+ and CB+ interneurons. In most cases the effect of stress was irrespective to the behavioral phenotype. However, in a few specific areas the number of SOM+, NPY+, and CR+ neurons were significantly reduced in anhedonic animals compared to the resilient group. Overall, these data clearly demonstrate that chronic stress affects the structural integrity of specific GABAergic neuronal subpopulations and this should also affect the functioning of these hippocampal GABAergic networks.

KW - Analysis of Variance

KW - Animals

KW - Calbindin 1

KW - Cell Count

KW - Cholecystokinin

KW - Disease Models, Animal

KW - Food Preferences

KW - GABAergic Neurons

KW - Hippocampus

KW - Interneurons

KW - Male

KW - Nerve Tissue Proteins

KW - Peptide Fragments

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Wistar

KW - Stress, Psychological

KW - Sucrose

KW - Sweetening Agents

KW - Journal Article

KW - Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

U2 - 10.1002/hipo.22382

DO - 10.1002/hipo.22382

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25331166

VL - 25

SP - 393

EP - 405

JO - The Hippocampus

JF - The Hippocampus

SN - 1050-9631

IS - 3

ER -