Choroid plexus epithelial cells express the adhesion protein P-cadherin at cell-cell contacts and syntaxin-4 in the luminal membrane domain

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The choroid plexus epithelial cells (CPECs) belong to a small group of polarized cells, where the Na+,K+-ATPase is expressed in the luminal membrane. The basic polarity of the cells is, therefore, still debated. We investigated the subcellular distribution of an array of proteins known to play fundamental roles in either in establishing and maintaining basic cell polarity or the polarized delivery and recycling of plasma membrane proteins. Immunofluorescence histochemical analysis was applied to determine the subcellular localization of apical and basolateral membrane determinants. Mass spectrometry analysis of CPECs isolated by fluorescence activated cell sorting was applied to determine the expression of specific forms of the proteins. CPECs mainly express the cell adhesive P-cadherin, which is localized to the lateral membranes. Proteins belonging to the Crumbs and partitioning defective (Par) protein complexes were all localized to the luminal membrane domain. Par-1 and the Scribble complex were localized to the basolateral membrane domain. Lethal(2) giant larvae homolog 2 (Lgl2) labeling was preferentially observed in the luminal membrane domain. Phosphatidylinositol-(3,4,5)-trisphosphate (PIP3) was immunolocalized to the basolateral membrane domain, while phosphatidylinositol-(4,5)-bisphosphate (PIP2) staining was most prominent in the luminal membrane domain along with the PIP3 phosphatase, Pten. The apical target-SNARE Syntaxin-3 and the basolateral target-SNARE Syntaxin-4 were both localized to the apical membrane domain in CPECs, which lack cellular expression of the clathrin adaptor protein AP-1B for basolateral protein recycling. In conclusion, the CPECs are conventionally polarized, but express P-cadherin at cell-cell contacts, and Lgl2 and syntaxin-4 in the luminal plasma membrane domain.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology: Cell Physiology
Pages (from-to)C519-C533
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - May 2018

    Research areas

  • cell polarity, choroid plexus, immunohistochemistry, protein mass spectrometry

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