Certified Basic Life Support Instructors Identify Improper Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Skills Poorly: Instructor Assessments Versus Resuscitation Manikin Data

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INTRODUCTION: During basic life support (BLS) training, instructors assess learners' cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) skills and correct errors to ensure high-quality performance. This study aimed to investigate certified BLS instructors' assessments of CPR skills. METHODS: Data were collected at BLS courses for medical students at Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark. Two certified BLS instructors evaluated each learner with a cardiac arrest test scenario, where learners demonstrated CPR on a resuscitation manikin for 3.5 minutes. Instructors' assessments were compared with manikin data as reference for correct performance. The first 3 CPR cycles were analyzed. Correct chest compressions were defined as 2 or more of 3 CPR cycles with 30 ± 2 chest compressions, 50 to 60 mm depth, and 100 to 120 min rate. Correct rescue breaths were defined as 50% or more efficient breaths with visible, but not excessive manikin chest inflation (for instructors) or 500 to 600mL air (manikin data). RESULTS: Overall, 90 CPR assessments were performed by 16 instructor pairs. Instructors passed 81 (90%) learners, whereas manikin pass rate was 2%. Instructors identified correct chest compressions with a sensitivity of 0.96 [95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.79-1) and a specificity of 0.05 (95% CI = 0.01-0.14), as well as correct rescue breaths with a sensitivity of 1 (95% CI = 0.40-1) and a specificity of 0.07 (95% CI = 0.03-0.15). Instructors mistakenly failed 1 learner with adequate chest compression depth, while passing 53 (59%) learners with improper depth. Moreover, 80 (89%) improper rescue breath performances were not identified. CONCLUSIONS: Certified BLS instructors assess CPR skills poorly. Particularly, improper chest compression depth and rescue breaths are not identified.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSimulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Volume14
Issue5
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
ISSN1559-2332
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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