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Cellular targets and receptors for interleukin-6. I. In vivo and in vitro uptake of IL-6 in liver and hepatocytes

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Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a potent stimulator of the hepatic synthesis of acute-phase proteins. 125I-labelled IL-6 disappeared from the blood of rats with an overall half-time of about 1.5 min; 41% of the injected tracer dose was recovered in the liver by 15 min. The clearance was biphasic. The simultaneous injection of tracer and an excess of unlabelled IL-6 eliminated the initial rapid phase, and reduced the hepatic uptake to 14%. Light microscopic autoradiography showed 5% of the grains over non-hepatocytes, and 80% over hepatocytes, accumulating in areas around the bile canaliculi. Thereafter, degradation products accumulated in the bile. At 4 degrees C, isolated rat hepatocytes bound IL-6 with an apparent Kd of 39 pmol l-1 to a uniform class of 4500 receptors per cell with an apparent molar mass of 115-120 kg mol-1. The HepG2 human hepatocellular cell line bound IL-6 with an apparent Kd of 21 pmol l-1 to a uniform class of 1200 receptors per cell with an apparent molar mass of 155-160 kg mol-1. At 37 degrees C, both cell types endocytosed the bound ligand slowly, and degradation products appeared in the medium after a relatively long lag period (40 min in hepatocytes and 1 h in HepG2 cells).
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Clinical Investigation
Pages (from-to)366-76
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 1990

    Research areas

  • Animals, Humans, Interleukin-6, Iodine Radioisotopes, Kinetics, Liver, Male, Metabolic Clearance Rate, Organ Specificity, Perfusion, Protein Binding, Rats, Rats, Inbred Strains, Receptors, Immunologic, Receptors, Interleukin-6

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