CD46 is a potent co-stimulatory receptor for expansion of human IFN-γ-producing CD8+ T cells

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Similar to CD4+ T cells, precursor CD8+ T cells are thought to depend on a co-stimulatory signal through CD28 for proliferation and differentiation into effector cells. CD46 is another co-stimulatory receptor that promotes differentiation of CD4+ T-helper cells type 1 (Th1 cells) into a regulatory phenotype with a switch from IFN-γ towards IL-10-secretion over time. Whether CD46 exerts a similar function on CD8+ T cells remains to be fully elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that CD46 co-stimulation induced secretion of IFN-γ as well as expansion of IFN-γ-secreting CD8+ T cells. In contrast to CD46 co-stimulation of CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells did not differentiate into a regulatory IL-10-secreting phenotype. This demonstrates that CD46 is a co-stimulatory receptor on CD8+ T cells, and that it exerts separate functions during CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
JournalImmunology Letters
Pages (from-to)26-32
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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