Capacity assessment of segment-to-segment joints in precast unbonded segmental bridge decks under vertical seismic mainshock and aftershocks

Milad Afarini Fard, Daneshjoo Farhad*, Christos Thomas Georgakis, Lars Vabbersgaard Andersen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal/Conference contribution in journal/Contribution to newspaperJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Precast segmental construction of concrete bridge decks has become increasingly popular due to short construction time and low cost compared with other construction methods. However, during earthquake excitation the segment-to-segment joints in post-tensioned bridge decks may constitute a weak part of the superstructure, particularly due to the lack of continuous rebar that is present in cast-in-place decks. This research investigates the effects of the vertical component of earthquakes on the joints of the superstructure of bridges in near-fault regions. Specifically, a sample non-continuous precast segmental bridge with unbonded cables and constructed with the span-by-span method, has been studied using a detailed two-dimensional non-linear Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) and Nonlinear Pushover Analysis (NPO). The results indicate that the vertical component of the earthquake could significantly adversely affect the joints’ behavior, especially in the upward direction. This may cause failure in the critical joints at midspan earlier than other common collapse prevention (CP) limit states such as deck sliding on the seat. The joint failure occurs easier in the mainshock-damaged bridge than in the intact one. Hence, the collapse probability can increase by up to 47% for the considered cases.

Original languageEnglish
JournalStructures
Volume55
Pages (from-to)2358-2369
Number of pages12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2023

Keywords

  • Aftershock
  • Collapse
  • Damaged bridge
  • Joint capacity
  • Mainshock
  • Near-fault records
  • Segmental superstructure
  • Unbonded precast
  • Vertical earthquake

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