Bronzization: The Bronze Age as pre-Modern Globalization

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    Does the Bronze Age fall within the limits of what sociologists call globalization? While pursuing this question, the analysis advances through a comparison with the key qualities defining the globalization of modern and contemporary history. It is concluded that the Bronze Age - covering a hyper-region in Afro-Eurasia - constituted a unique case of pre-modern interconnectivity which arose prior to c. 2000 BCE and began to close down c. 1200 BCE. The term bronzization is invented to describe the Bronze Age as an overarching globalizing phenomenon, tightly knit by one crucial resource and subject to cross-cutting historical change during its 800 years of duration.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalPraehistorische Zeitschrift
    Pages (from-to)103-123
    Number of pages21
    Publication statusPublished - 2016


    • Bronze age
    • Bronzization
    • Europe and Africa
    • Globalization


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